Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 155–157 | Cite as

Introduction: Attaining a New Stage

Introduction

Abstract

The current issue of The Journal of Adult Development addresses one of the threads of adult development, namely stage and stage change. There are four major forms of adult developmental study that can be identified: positive adult development, directionless change, stasis, and decline. The first of the four forms, positive adult developmental processes, is divided into at least six areas of study: hierarchical complexity (orders, stages), knowledge, experience, expertise, wisdom, and spirituality. The topic of this special issue, stage and stage change, is therefore part of the study of positive adult developmental processes. Finally, the manner in which these topics are studied both in this special issue and elsewhere can be characterized in terms of three broad classifications (Commons & Bresette, 2000, Commons & Miller, 1998) for the acquisition of knowledge and the verification of truth in general. These classifications include analytic, experiential, and empirical means to reach truth.

positive adult development stage stage change orders of hierarchical complexity knowledge experience expertise wisdom and spirituality 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Bijou, S., & Baer, D. M. (1961). Child development. The Century psychology series. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  2. Brendel, J. M., Kolbert, J. B., & Foster, V. A. (2002). Promoting student cognitive development, 9(3), 217-227.Google Scholar
  3. Commons, M. L. (1999). Threads of adult development. Adult Development, 1-2.Google Scholar
  4. Commons, M. L., & Bresette, L. M. (2000). Major creative innovators as viewed through the lens of the general model of hierarchical complexity and evolution. In M. E. Miller & S. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Creativity, spirituality, and transcendence: Paths to integrity and wisdom in the mature self (pp. 167-187). Stamford, CT: Ablex Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Commons, M. L., Danaher, D. L., Miller, P. M., Goodheart, E. A., Dawson, T. L., Johnstone J., et al. (2000). Hierarchical Complexity Scoring System (HCSS): How to score almost any text or discourse in any domain for hierarchical complexity of performance (stage) with 95% reliability and for transition steps. Unpublished scoring manual available from Commons@tiac.net or Michael L. Commons, program in Psychiatry and the Law, 74 Fenwood Road, Boston, MA 02115.Google Scholar
  6. Commons, M. L., & Miller, P. M. (1998). A quantitative behavioranalytic theory of development. Mexican Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 24(2), 153-180.Google Scholar
  7. Commons, M. L., & Nevin, J. A. (Eds.). (1981). Quantitative analyses of behavior: Vol. 1. Discriminative properties of reinforcement schedules. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.Google Scholar
  8. Commons, M. L., & Richards, F. A. (2002). Organizing components into combinations: How stage transition works. Journal of Adult Development, 9(3), 157-175.Google Scholar
  9. Commons, M. L., Richards, F. A., & Armon, C. (Eds.). (1984). Beyond formal operations: Vol. 1. Late adolescent and adult cognitive development. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  10. Dawson, T. L., Commons, M. L., & Wilson, M. (2002). The shape of development. Manuscript in preparation.Google Scholar
  11. Fischer, K. W., & Granott, N. (1995). Beyond one-dimensional change: Parallel, concurrent, socially distributed processes in learning and development. Human Development, 38(6), 302-314.Google Scholar
  12. Flavell, J. H. (1963). The developmental psychology of Jean Piaget. New York: Van Norstrand.Google Scholar
  13. Hood, A. B., & Deopere, D. L. (2002). The relationship of cognitive development to age, when education and intelligence are controlled. Journal of Adult Development, 9(3), 227-232.Google Scholar
  14. Kuhn, D., & Brannock, J. (1977). Development of the isolation of variables scheme in experimental and 'natural experiment' contexts. Developmental Psychology, 13, 9-14.Google Scholar
  15. Lovell, C.W. (2002). Development and disequilibration: Predicting counselor trainee gain and loss scores on the Supervisee Levels Questionnaire. Journal of Adult Development, 9(3), 233-238.Google Scholar
  16. McAuliffe, G. J. (2002). Student changes, program influences, and adult development in one program of counselor training: An exploratory inductive inquiry. Journal of Adult Development, 9(3), 203-214.Google Scholar
  17. Piaget, J. (1976). The grasp of consciousness: Action and concept in the young child (S. Wedgwood, Trans.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Rasch, G. (1980). Probabilistic model for some intelligence and attainment tests. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  19. Richards, F. A., & Commons, M. L. (1990). Applying signal detection theory to measure subject sensitivity to metasystematic, systematic and lower developmental stages. In M. L. Commons, C. Armon, L. Kohlberg, F. A. Richards, T. A. Grotzer, & J.D. Sinnott (Eds.), Adult development:Vol 2. Models and methods in the study of adolescent and adult thought (pp. 175-188). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  20. Spada, H., & McGraw, B. (1985). The assessment of learning effects with linear logistic test models. In S. E. Embretson (Ed.), Test design developments in psychology and psychometrics. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  21. Swan, T., & Benack, S. (2002). Narcissism in the epistemological pit. Journal of Adult Development, 9(3), 177-183.Google Scholar
  22. Vygotsky, L. S. (1962). Thought and language. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  23. Vygotsky, L. S. (1966). Development of the higher mental function. In Psychological research in the U.S.S.R. (pp. 44-45). Moscow: Progress Publishers.Google Scholar
  24. Wolfsont, C. (2002). Increasing behavioral skills and level of understanding in adults: A brief method integrating Dennison's Brain Gym Balance with Piaget's reflective processes. Journal of Adult Development, 9(3), 185-201.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Program in Psychiatry and Law, Department of PsychiatryHarvard Medical School, Massachusetts Health CenterBoston

Personalised recommendations