Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 61–68 | Cite as

Alternative selectable markers for potato transformation using minimal T-DNA vectors

  • P.J. Barrell
  • Shang Yongjin
  • P.A. Cooper
  • A.J. Conner


Alternative selection systems for plant transformation are especially valuable in clonal crops, such as potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), to pyramid transgenes into the same cultivar by successive transformation events. We have modified the pGPTV series of binary vectors to construct pMOA1 to pMOA5, resulting in a series of essentially identical binary vectors except for the presence of different selectable marker genes. These selectable marker genes are tightly inserted between the left and right T-DNA borders and confer resistance to kanamycin (nptII), hygromycin (hpt), methotrexate (dhfr), phosphinothricin (bar), or phleomycin (ble). The T-DNA of all the vectors is based on the minimal features necessary for plant transformation, with no extraneous DNA segments that may be unacceptable to regulatory authorities for general release of transgenic plants. A series of unique restriction sites exists between the right border and each selectable marker gene for subsequent insertion of useful genes. We have also developed improved culture procedures for potato transformation and used the pMOA1 to pMOA5 binary vectors to define stringent selection conditions for each marker gene. Combining these advances improved the frequency of recovering transformed potato plants while maintaining a low frequency of escapes. The relative efficiency of recovering transgenic potato lines with each selectable marker gene can be summarised as: kanamycin resistance>hygromycin resistance>phosphinothricin resistance>phleomycin resistance>methotrexate resistance.

binary vectors plant transformation potato selectable markers Solanum tuberosum T-DNA vectors 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • P.J. Barrell
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shang Yongjin
    • 1
  • P.A. Cooper
    • 1
  • A.J. Conner
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research LtdChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.Soil, Plant and Ecological Sciences DivisionLincoln UniversityCanterburyNew Zealand

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