Irrigation and Drainage Systems

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 161–174 | Cite as

Irrigation and Salinity: a Perspective Review of the Salinity Hazards of Irrigation Development in the Arid Zone

  • Lambert K. Smedema
  • Karim Shiati
Article

Abstract

Irrigation development in the arid zone almost alwayshas to deal with not only secondarysalinity but also with primary and fossilsalinity. In many cases, irrigationdevelopment brings about large scalechanges in the local geohydrological regimewhich often result in mobilization of saltsstored in the underlying substrata. Thisprimary and fossil salt mobilization hasbeen found to be one of the principalcauses of rivers salinization in irrigatedbasins in the arid zone. The paperhighlights this hitherto insufficientlyrecognized salinity hazard and discussesrelated control measures and strategies.

arid zone salinity strategies 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lambert K. Smedema
    • 1
  • Karim Shiati
    • 2
  1. 1.Drainage ConsultantArnhemThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Water Resources DepartmentYekom Consulting EngineersTehranIran

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