Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 217–221 | Cite as

Nebulization of Liposomes. II. The Effects of Size and Modeling of Solute Release Profiles

  • Ralph W. Niven
  • Melissa Speer
  • Hans Schreier


A series of carboxyfluorescein (CF)-containing multilamellar vesicle (MLV) dispersions was prepared and extruded through polycarbonate membranes ranging in size from 0.2 to 5 µm. Vesicle dispersions were nebulized for 80 min using a Collison nebulizer, and the release of CF was monitored during nebulization. Solute retention was dependent upon the size of the vesicles and leakage ranged from 7.9 ± 0.4% (N = 3) for vesicles extruded through 0.2-µm filters to 76.8 ± 5.9% (N = 3) for liposomes that were not filtered. Solute release profiles obtained over ≥420-min nebulization periods conformed to a two-compartment kinetic model and exhibited a “fast” initial phase (kl = 0.052 ± 0.0043) followed by a “slow” terminal phase (k2 = 0.0034 ± 0.00018). The results show that CF retention can be increased by nebulizing small vesicles and modeling suggests that the rate of CF leakage from the bilayers is faster than from the core of the liposomes.

aerosols carboxyfluorescein liposomes nebulizers 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph W. Niven
    • 1
  • Melissa Speer
    • 1
  • Hans Schreier
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesville

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