Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 279–289

A Social Contract for Biotechnology: Shared Visions for Risky Technologies?

  • Donald M. Bruce


Future technological developmentsconcerning food, agriculture, and theenvironment face a gulf of social legitimationfrom a skeptical public and media, in the wakeof the crises of BSE, GM food, and foot andmouth disease in the UK (House of Lords, 2000). Keyethical issues were ignored by the bioindustry,regulators, and the Government, leaving alegacy of distrust. The paper examinesagricultural biotechnology in terms of a socialcontract, whose conditions would have to be fulfilled togain acceptance of novel applications. Variouscurrent and future GM applications areevaluated against these conditions. Successwould depend critically on how far a sharedvision can be found with the public. Tore-establish trust, significant changes areidentified in the planning and pursuit ofbiotechnology.

accountability biotechnology consultation consumer perceptions control environmental risk ethics genetic modification GM animals GM food GM crops nutraceuticals policy power risk safety shared vision social contract trust values 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald M. Bruce
    • 1
  1. 1.Society, Religion and Technology ProjectChurch of Scotland, John Knox HouseEdinburgh, ScotlandUK

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