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Natural Hazards

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 175–201 | Cite as

Seismic Hazard and Risk Assessment for Tulbagh, South Africa: Part I – Assessment of Seismic Hazard

  • A. Kijko
  • S. J. P. Retief
  • G. Graham
Article

Abstract

In this part of our study the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) for Tulbagh was performed. The applied procedure is parametric and consists essentially of two steps. The first step is applicable to the area in the vicinity of Tulbagh and requires an estimation of the area-specific parameters, which, in this case, is the mean seismic activity rate, λ, the Gutenberg-Richter parameter, b, and the maximum regional magnitude, mmax. The second step is applicable to the Tulbagh site, and consists of parameters of distribution of amplitude of the selected ground motion parameter. The current application of the procedure provides an assessment of the PSHA in terms of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral acceleration (SA). The procedure permits the combination of both historical and instrumental data. The historical part of the catalogue only contains the strongest events, whereas the complete part can be divided into several subcatalogues, each assumed complete above a specified threshold of magnitude. In the analysis, the uncertainty in the determination of the earthquake was taken into account by incorporation of the concept of `apparent magnitude'. The PSHA technique has been developed specifically for the estimation of seismic hazard at individual sites without the subjective judgement involved in the definition of seismic source zones, when the specific active faults have not been mapped or identified, and where the causes of seismicity are not well understood. The results of the hazard assessment are expressed as probabilities that specified values of PGA will be exceeded during the chosen time intervals, and similarly for the spectral accelerations. A worst case scenario sketches the possibility of a maximum PGA of 0.30g. The results of the hazard assessment can be used as input to a seismic risk assessment.

seismic hazard probabilistic South Africa historical data instrumental data 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kijko
    • 1
  • S. J. P. Retief
    • 1
  • G. Graham
    • 1
  1. 1.Council for GeosciencePretoriaSouth Africa

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