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International Review of Education

, Volume 48, Issue 1–2, pp 21–45 | Cite as

Education and Social Change: A Proactive or Reactive Role?

  • Robin Joan Burns
Article

Abstract

This paper reviews the ways in which contributors to the International Review of Education have discussed the role of education in social change. It asserts that education is seen as a major vector in society, but that it is largely allocated a conservative role, since its main function is in the socialisation of the young and the maintenance of the social order. During times of rapid social change, such as the second half of the 20th century, the role of education in the service of the nation is emphasised. When things are going well, especially economically, more experimentation with education is supported, and more idealistic goals are pursued, such as equity of educational opportunity. It is in the ideological and moral spheres, however, that education is most clearly expected to play a leading role. The author traces the relationship between education and social change as reflected in the journal since the 1930s.

Keywords

20th Century Social Change Main Function Social Order International Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Joan Burns
    • 1
  1. 1.EaglemontAustralia

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