International Review of Education

, Volume 48, Issue 1–2, pp 21–45 | Cite as

Education and Social Change: A Proactive or Reactive Role?

  • Robin Joan Burns


This paper reviews the ways in which contributors to the International Review of Education have discussed the role of education in social change. It asserts that education is seen as a major vector in society, but that it is largely allocated a conservative role, since its main function is in the socialisation of the young and the maintenance of the social order. During times of rapid social change, such as the second half of the 20th century, the role of education in the service of the nation is emphasised. When things are going well, especially economically, more experimentation with education is supported, and more idealistic goals are pursued, such as equity of educational opportunity. It is in the ideological and moral spheres, however, that education is most clearly expected to play a leading role. The author traces the relationship between education and social change as reflected in the journal since the 1930s.


20th Century Social Change Main Function Social Order International Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References (Unless otherwise stated, references are to the International Review of Education or its predecessor, the International Education Review)

  1. Acker, Sandra. 1987. Feminist Theory and the Study of Gender and Education. 33(4): 419-435.Google Scholar
  2. Adachi, K. 1960. Recent Developments in Japanese Education. 6(3): 370-374.Google Scholar
  3. Ader, Jean. 1960. Développements recents des Rapports de la Sociolgie et de la Pédagogie en France (Recent Developments in the Connections between Sociology and Pedagogy in France). 6(2): 163-175.Google Scholar
  4. Agoston, György. 1970. L'idéal humaine de la pédagogie socialiste (The Human Ideal in Socialist Pedagogy). 16(3): 260-270.Google Scholar
  5. Aikman, Sheila. 1997. Interculturality and Intercultural Education: A Challenge for Democracy 43(5-6): 463-479.Google Scholar
  6. Akrawi, Matta. 1960. Educational Planning in a Developing Country. The Sudan. 6(3): 256-284.Google Scholar
  7. Aloni, Nimrod. 1997. A Redefinition of Liberal and Humanistic Education. 43(1): 87-107.Google Scholar
  8. Alrabaa, Sami. 1985. Sex Division of Labour in Syrian School Textbooks. 31(3): 335-348.Google Scholar
  9. Anweiler, Oskar. 1960. Probleme der Schulreformen in Osteuropa (Problems of School Reform in Eastern Europe). 6(1): 21-35.Google Scholar
  10. Arnesen, Carl. 1957. Structure économique et réforme scolaires dans les pays évolués (Economic Structure and Academic Reforms in the Developed Countries). 3(1): 69-80.Google Scholar
  11. Arnold, Rolf. 1989. Berufsbildung in Lateinamerika (Vocational Training in Latin America). 35(2): 159-177.Google Scholar
  12. Arsen'ev. A.M. 1970a. Die Wissenschaftlich-technische Revolutionen und die Sowjetische Schule (The Scientific-technical Revolution and the Soviet School). 16(3): 271-286.Google Scholar
  13. Arsen'ev. A.M. 1970b. L'école sovietique: perfectionnement du contenu de l'enseignement (The Soviet School: Perfecting the Content of Education). 16(4): 407-436.Google Scholar
  14. Aspeslagh, Robert and Burns, Robin J. 1996. Approaching Peace Through Education: Background, Concepts and Theoretical Issues. In: Robin J. Burns and Robert Aspeslagh, eds., Three Decades of Peace Education Around the World (25-69). New York & London: Garland Publishing.Google Scholar
  15. Banks, Olive. 1958. Social Mobility and the English System of Education. 4(2): 196-204.Google Scholar
  16. Banovitch, Alexandre. 1965. Tendances actuelles de l'évolution du contenu de l'enseignement dans les pays de l'Afrique Noire (Present Tendencies in the Evolution of the Content of Schooling in Black Africa). 9(4): 423-433.Google Scholar
  17. Báthory, Zoltán. 1987. The Impact of Social and Economic Changes on the Expectations Which Parents and Pupils have of Schools. 33(3): 81-85.Google Scholar
  18. Belloncle, G. 1980. Ecoles et Communautés. Introduction redactionelle (Schools and Communities. Editorial Introduction). 26(3): 257-271.Google Scholar
  19. Bencédy, József. 1967. Tendances et développements recents dans l'éducation primaire et secondaire en Hongrie (Tendencies and Recent Developments in Primary and Secondary Education in Hungary). 13(3): 332-344.Google Scholar
  20. Biobaku, Saburi. 1967. The Effects of Urbanisation on Education in Africa: The Nigerian Experience. 13(4): 451-460.Google Scholar
  21. Blackmore, Jill. 1997. Level Playing Field? Feminist Observations on Global/Local Articulations of the Re-gendering and Restructuring of Educational Work. 43(5-6): 439-461.Google Scholar
  22. Bowles, Frank. 1965. General Education in a Changing World. 9(4): 404-422.Google Scholar
  23. Boyd, William. 1961. The History of Western Education, 8th ed. London: Adam & Charles Black.Google Scholar
  24. Brady, Wendy. 1997. Indigenous Australian Education and Globalisation. 43(5-6): 413-422.Google Scholar
  25. Brann, C.M.B. 1978. Language of Instruction in a Multi-cultural Setting. Editorial introduction. 24(3): 237-242.Google Scholar
  26. Brock-Utne, Birgit. 1995. Cultural Conditionality and Aid to Education in East Africa. 41(3-4): 177-197.Google Scholar
  27. Brock-Utne, Birgit, ed. 2001. Special Issue on Globalisation, Language and Education. 47(3-4).Google Scholar
  28. Bühl, Walter L. 1968. Gesellschaftswandel und Schulsystem im modernen Industriestaat (Social Change and the School System in Modern Industrial States). 14(3): 277-299.Google Scholar
  29. Burns, Robin J. 1979. The Formation and Legitimation of Development Education with Particular Reference to Australia and Sweden. La Trobe University, Melbourne: Unpublished doctoral dissertation.Google Scholar
  30. Burns, Robin and Aspeslagh, Robert. 1983. Concepts of Peace Education: A View of Western Experience. 29(3): 311-330.Google Scholar
  31. Calhoun, Craig J. and Ianni, Francis A.J., eds. 1976. The Anthropological Study of Education. The Hague: Mouton Publishers.Google Scholar
  32. Cerych, Ladislava. 1965. Vers une stratégie de l'aide extérieure à l'éducation (Towards a Strategy for External Aid to Education). 9(1): 34-50.Google Scholar
  33. Churchill, Stacy. 1996. The Decline of the Nation-State and the Education of National Minorities. 42(4): 265-290.Google Scholar
  34. Cowen, Robert. 1975. The Legitimation of Educational Knowledge: A Neglected Theme in Comparative Education. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. New York.Google Scholar
  35. Dalin, Per. 1970. Planning for Change in Education: Qualitative Aspects of Educational Planning. 14(4): 436-450.Google Scholar
  36. Daun, Holger. 1995. Teachers' Predictions and Pupils' Destinies: A West African Survey. 41(5): 405-425.Google Scholar
  37. de Alba, Alicia. 1999. Curriculum and Society: Rethinking the Link. 45(5-6): 479-490.Google Scholar
  38. de Varennes, Fernand. 1966. Minority Aspirations and the Revival of Indigenous Peoples. 42(4): 309-325.Google Scholar
  39. Dobinson, C.H. 1957. The Impact of Automation on Education. 3(4): 385-398.Google Scholar
  40. Downing, John. 1973. Cultural Priorities and the Acquisition of Literacy. 19(3): 345-355.Google Scholar
  41. Dresch, J. 1931/32. L'instruction de la jeune fille dans l'enseignement public en France (The Education of Young Girls in Public Education in France). 1(1): 95-103.Google Scholar
  42. Eckert, Georg. 1960. Internationale Schulbuchrevision (International Revision of School Textbooks). 6(4): 399-415.Google Scholar
  43. Eliou, Marie. 1973. Scolarisation et promotion feminines en Afrique francophone (Côte-D'Ivoire, Haute-Volta, Sénégal) (Female Enrolment and Promotion in Francophone Africa (Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Senegal)). 19(1): 30-46.Google Scholar
  44. Elvin, H.L. 1970. Introduction to the Special Issue for the International Year of Education 1970. 16(4): 390-392.Google Scholar
  45. Elvin, Lionel. 1979. International Understanding. 25(2-3): 461-476.Google Scholar
  46. Finck, Berta. 1938. Die Erziehungsarbeit der "NS.-Volkswohlfahrt" an der deutschen Frau (The Educational Work of the "National Socialist Welfare" for the German Woman). 7(6): 450-456.Google Scholar
  47. Florander, J. and Skov, P. 1985. Attitudes to School in Denmark. 31(3): 303-322.Google Scholar
  48. Fourastié, Jean. 1958. Note sur les perspectives de l'ensiegnement (A Note on Perspectives on Schooling). 4(2): 139-151Google Scholar
  49. Franke, Viktor. 1943. Der Werkunterricht in den Schulen der Welt (I) (Work Studies in Schools of the World). 7(1): 272-283.Google Scholar
  50. Fredriksson, Ingrid. 1973. Sex Roles and Education. 19(1): 64-76.Google Scholar
  51. Frieden, Pierre. 1955. La compréhension européenne par l'éducation (The European Understanding of Education). 1(4): 479-496.Google Scholar
  52. Gomes, Candido A. 1990. Entry into Labour: The Experience of Young Adults in Brazil. 36(4): 393-416.Google Scholar
  53. Gomes, Candido. 1993. Education, Democracy and Development in Latin America. 39(6): 531-540.Google Scholar
  54. Goodings, Richard F. 1967. Recent Trends and Developments in Primary and Secondary Education in England. 13(2): 136-152.Google Scholar
  55. Gopinathan, S. 1980. Moral Education in a Plural Society: A Singapore Case Study. 26(2): 171-185.Google Scholar
  56. Grant, Nigel. 1965. Recent Changes in Soviet Secondary Schools. 11(2): 129-143.Google Scholar
  57. Guang-Wei, Zou. 1985. China's Educational Aim and Theory. 31(2): 189-203.Google Scholar
  58. Haavelsrud, Magnus. 1981. On Inclusion and Exclusion. Bulletin of Peace Proposals 12(2): 105-114.Google Scholar
  59. Haavelsrud, Magnus. 1983. Editorial Article: An Introduction to the Debate on Peace Education. 29(3): 275-280.Google Scholar
  60. Haavelsrud, Magnus and Galtung, Johan, eds. 1983. The Debate on Education for Peace. 29(3).Google Scholar
  61. Hake, Barry J. 1975. Education and Social Emancipation. Some Implications for General Secondary Education Towards the Year 2000. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  62. Hans, Ncholas (1955). Nationalism and Internationalism. 1(2): 145-153.Google Scholar
  63. Hansen, Judith Friedman. 1979. Societal Perspectives on Human Learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  64. Havinghurst, Robert J. 1958. Education, Social Mobility and Social Change in Four Societies. 4(2): 167-185.Google Scholar
  65. Havinghurst, Robert J. 1967. Urbanization and Education in the United States. 13(4): 393-409.Google Scholar
  66. Hopkins, Terence K. and Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1996. The Age of Transition. London & New Jersey: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  67. Husén, Torsten. 1963. Social Determinants of the Comprehensive School. 9(1): 158-174.Google Scholar
  68. Husén, Torsten. 1969. Responsiveness and Resistance in the Educational System to Changing Needs of Society: Some Swedish Experiences. 15(4): 476-486.Google Scholar
  69. Husén, Torsten. 1993. Schooling in Modern Europe. Exploring Major Issues and their Ramifications. 39(6): 499-509.Google Scholar
  70. IBE. 1968. International Understanding as an Integral Part of the School Curriculum. Geneva: International Bureau of Education/Paris: Unesco.Google Scholar
  71. Ilon, Lynn. 1998. The Effects of International Economic Trends on Gender Equity in Schooling. 44(4): 335-356.Google Scholar
  72. Inglis, W.B. 1955. Les éducateurs face à la conjoncture politique (Educators Faced with the Political Conjuncture). 1(3): 277-288.Google Scholar
  73. Jayaweera, Swarna. 1969. Recent Trends in Educational Expansion in Ceylon. 15(3): 277-294.Google Scholar
  74. Kandel, I.L. 1957. Equalizing Educational Opportunities and its Problems. 3(1): 1-12.Google Scholar
  75. Kandel, I.L. 1958. Education and Statesmanship. 4(1): 1-16.Google Scholar
  76. Kandel, I.L. 1959. Current Issues in Expanding Secondary Education. 5(2): 155-165.Google Scholar
  77. Keeves, John. 1973. Differences between the Sexes in Mathematics and Science Courses. 19(1): 47-63.Google Scholar
  78. Khleif, Bud B. 1976. Cultural Regeneration and the School: An Anthropological Study of Welsh-medium Schools in Wales. 22(2): 177-192.Google Scholar
  79. King, E.J. 1957. Education for Adults Today-An International Survey. 3(1): 13-26.Google Scholar
  80. King, Edmund J., ed. 1979. Education for Uncertainty. London & Beverly Hills: Sage Annual Review of Social and Educational Change Volume 2 1978.Google Scholar
  81. Kraft, Richard H. and Nakib, Yasser. 1991. The "New" Economics of Education: Towards a "Unified" Macro-micro-educational Planning Policy. 37(3): 299-317.Google Scholar
  82. Krause, Gerhard. 1940. Das deutsche Erziehungswesen im Kriege (The German Education System in Wartime). 3: 165-173.Google Scholar
  83. Kwan, Parick C.F. 1993. Singaporean Gifted Adolescents Under Scrutiny: The Gender Factor. 39(3): 161-182.Google Scholar
  84. Lauwerys, Jospeh A. 1965. Opening Address. 9(4): 385-403.Google Scholar
  85. Lawson, Terence, ed. 1969. Education for International Understanding. Hamburg: UNESCO Institute for Education.Google Scholar
  86. Leach, Penelope. 1964. Teaching Tolerance. The Role of the School in Furthering Constructive Inter-group Relations. 10(2): 190-204.Google Scholar
  87. Lindquist, Harry M., ed. 1970. Education. Readings in the Processes of Cultural Transmission. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.Google Scholar
  88. Lowe, John. 1992. Education and European Integration. 38(6): 579-590.Google Scholar
  89. Marks, Stephen. 1983. Peace, Development, Disarmament and Human Rights Education: The Dilemma Between the Status Quo and Curriculum Overload. 29(3): 289-310.Google Scholar
  90. Missmie, Leo-Emile. 1968. Problèmes concernent l'éducation supérieure en Afrique (Problems of Higher Education in Africa). 14(1): 62-74.Google Scholar
  91. Mitter, Wolfgang. 1987. Expectations of Schools and Teachers in the Context of Social and Economic Changes. 33(3): 263-276.Google Scholar
  92. Mitter, Wolfgang. 1993. Education Democracy and Development in a Period of Revolutionary Change. 39(6): 463-471.Google Scholar
  93. Müller-Freienfels, Richard. 1933. Deutsche Pädagogik und deutscher Volkscharakter (German Pedagogy and German National Character). 1(2): 16-42.Google Scholar
  94. Naville, Pierre. 1956. Aptitudes personnelles et exigences sociales (Personal Attitudes and Social Needs). 2(3): 310-319.Google Scholar
  95. Ndongko, Theresa M. and Agu. A.A. 1985. The Impact of Communication on the Learning Process: A Study of Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State of Nigeria. 31(2): 205-221.Google Scholar
  96. Neuner, Gerhart. 1970. Wissenschaftlich-technische Revolutionen und Bildungsreform in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik (DDR) (The Scientific-technical Revolution and Educational Reform in the Democratic Germany Republic). 16(3): 286-297).Google Scholar
  97. Nica, Julian and Birzea, Cezar, 1973. Educational Innovation in European Socialist Countries: A Comparative Overview. 19(4): 447-459.Google Scholar
  98. Okano, Kaori H. 2000. Social Justice and Job Distribution in Japan: Class, Minority and Gender. 46(66): 545-563.Google Scholar
  99. Okón, Wincenty. 1969. Nouvelles tendances dans l'appreciation des tâches de l'enseignement élémentaire (New Tendencies in the Appreciation of the Tasks of Elementary Education). 15(1): 42-57.Google Scholar
  100. Oxenham, John, ed. 1982. Education and the New International Economic Order. 28(4).Google Scholar
  101. Patel, Ila. 1998. The Contemporary Women's Movement and Women's Education in India. 44(2-3): 155-175.Google Scholar
  102. Patrinos, Harry Anthony. 1997. Overeducation in Greece. 43(2-3): 203-223.Google Scholar
  103. Quandt, Jean B. 1960. Political Philosophy and Educational Debate in England. 6(1): 91-98.Google Scholar
  104. Reber-Gruber, Auguste. 1938. Die Erziehung des Mädchens im nationalsozialistschen Deutschland (The Education of Girls in National Socialist Germany). 7(6): 430-444.Google Scholar
  105. Roberts, Peter. 1999. The Future of the University: Reflections from New Zealand. 45(1): 65-85.Google Scholar
  106. Röhrs, Hermann. 1992. Vocational Guidance: A Primary Function of Education. 38(3): 209-221.Google Scholar
  107. Röpke, Erna. 1938. Der deutsche "Mütterdienst" im Rahmen des weiblichen Bildungwesens (The German "Mother Service' in the Context of Feminine Education). 7(6): 446-450.Google Scholar
  108. Roucek, Joseph S. 1967. The Role of Literacy and Illiteracy in Social Change. 13(34): 483-491.Google Scholar
  109. Rubagumya, Casmir M. 1991. Language Promotion for Educational Purposes: The Example of Tanzania. 37(1): 67-85.Google Scholar
  110. Saunders, Malcolm. 1980. The School Curriculum for Ethnic Minority Pupils: A Contribution to a Debate. 26(1): 31-45.Google Scholar
  111. Schleicher, Klaus. 1979. Zur ökologie des Kindes: Bildungspolitik aus humanökologisher perpsektive (On the Ecology of Children: The Politics of Schooling from a Human-ecological Perspective). 25(1): 53-72.Google Scholar
  112. Schleicher, Klaus. 1989. Beyond Environmental Education: The Need for Ecological Awareness. 35(3): 257-281.Google Scholar
  113. Schmidt, W.H.O. 1962. Curriculum and Method in the Academic High School: Some Fundamental Considerations. 8(3): 344-355.Google Scholar
  114. Schöfthaler. Traugott, 1984. Multikulturelle und transkulturelle Erziehung: zwei Wege zu kosmopolitishen kulturellen Identitäten (Multicultural and Transcultural Education: Two Ways to Cosmopolitan Cultural Identities). 30(1): 11-24.Google Scholar
  115. Schultze, Walter. 1958. Die Landschule in der Diskussion um die Fortentwicklung des Schulwesens in den Westlichen Ländern (The Rural School in the Discussion of Further Development of School Systems in Western Countries). 4(4): 470-484.Google Scholar
  116. Shafer, Susanne M. 1976. The Socialization of Girls in the Secondary Schools of England and the Two Germanies. 22(1): 6-23.Google Scholar
  117. Shapiro, Michael J. 1974. Social Control Ideologies and the Politics of American Eduction. 20(1): 17-35.Google Scholar
  118. Simon, Ernest. 1965. General Education in a Changing World. 9(4): 413-422.Google Scholar
  119. Singh, Madhu. 2000. Combining Work and Learning in the Informal Economy: Implications for Education, Training and Skills Development. 46(6): 599-620.Google Scholar
  120. Sjöstrand, William. 1967. Recent Trends and Developments in Primary and Secondary Education in Scandinavia. 13(2): 180-194.Google Scholar
  121. Smilansky, Moshe and Sarah. 1967. Intellectual Advancement of Culturally Disadvantaged Children: An Israeli Approach for Research and Action. 13(4): 410-430.Google Scholar
  122. Smolicz, Jerzy J. 1991. Language Core Values in a Multicultural Setting: An Australian Experience. 37(1): 33-52.Google Scholar
  123. Snook, Ivan. 1990. The Indigenous and the Imported: The New Zealand School System. 36(2): 219-232.Google Scholar
  124. Standeven, Joy. 1988. Cross-cultural Exchange: Teaching and Learning in Context. 34(1): 101-108.Google Scholar
  125. Stippel, F. 1948-1949. Armut und Erziehung (Poverty and Education). 5(4): 486-510.Google Scholar
  126. St Langeland, A. 1957. Editorial. Aspects of School Failure. 3(2): 129-134.Google Scholar
  127. Sutherland, Margaret B. 1999. Gender Equity in Success at School. 45(5-6): 431-443.Google Scholar
  128. Symes, Colin. 2000. Working Knowledge: Australian Universities and "Real World" Education. 46(6): 565-579.Google Scholar
  129. Tan, Jason. 1998. The Marketisation of Education in Singapore: Policies and Implications. 44(1): 47-63.Google Scholar
  130. UNESCO. 1974. Recommendation Concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-operation and Peace and Education Relating to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO at its eighteenth session, Paris, 19 November.Google Scholar
  131. Vaideanu, Georges. 1972. Coordonnées pédagogique du programme de modernisation de l'enseignement (Pedagogical Coordination of the Program of Modernisation of Education). 18(2): 183-192).Google Scholar
  132. Van Baal, Jan. 1964. Education in non-Western Countries. 10(1): 1-11.Google Scholar
  133. Van Willigen, Daan M. 1960. Tendances générales dans l'enseignement des langues vivantes (General Tendencies in Teaching Living Languages). 6(3): 285-297.Google Scholar
  134. Vilsmeier, Franz. 1941. Nationalsozialismus und Erziehungsziel (National Socialism and the Goal of Education). Jahrgang 10(2): 81-92.Google Scholar
  135. Watson, D.R. 1976. Sociological Theory and the Analysis of Strategies of Edcutional Redress. 22(1): 41-62.Google Scholar
  136. Watson, Keith. 1989. The Changing Pattern of Higher Education in England and Wales-the End of an Era? 35(3): 283-304.Google Scholar
  137. Welch, Anthony R. 1992. Knowledge, Culture and Power: Educational Knowledge and Legitimation in Comparative Education. In: Robin J. Burns and Anthony R. Welch, eds., Contemporary Perspectives in Comparative Education (35-68). New York & London: Garland Publishing.Google Scholar
  138. Wilhelm, Theodor. 1935. Social Education in Germany. 4(1): 31-38.Google Scholar
  139. Williamson, Alan. 1992. Torres Strait Islanders and Australian Nationhood: Some Educational Perspectives. 38(1): 65-80.Google Scholar
  140. Woodhall, Maureen. 1973. Investment in Women: A Reappraisal of the Concept of Human Capital. 19(1): 9-29.Google Scholar
  141. Zachariah, Mathew. 1988. Continuity between School Curriculum and Vocation: Manual Labour's Ineffective Role. 34(2): 207-223.Google Scholar
  142. Zhamm, V.A. and Kostanian, S.L. 1972. Education and Soviet Economic Growth. 18(2): 155-171.Google Scholar
  143. Ziebertz, Hans-Georg. 1996. Leben in Diversität-interkulturelles lernen (Living in Diversity-Intercultural Learning). 42(5): 515-524.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Joan Burns
    • 1
  1. 1.EaglemontAustralia

Personalised recommendations