Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 319–328 | Cite as

Behavioural and Physical Signs Associated with Oestrus and Some Aspects of Reproductive Performance in Fogera Cows and Heifers

  • F. Negussie
  • T. Kassa
  • M. Tibbo
Article

Abstract

An investigation was carried out into the behavioural and physical signs of oestrus in 70 Fogera cows and heifers between December 1993 and May 1994 at Metekel Cattle Breeding and Improvement Ranch, Ethiopia. Retrospective information generated from records made between 1991 and 1994 was evaluated for some aspects of the reproductive indices. The mean±SD duration of oestrus (n = 136) was 10.6±4.5 h (range 2.2–21). Most oestruses (63.2%) started during the day (06:00–18:00). The incidence of oestrus was significantly affected by months (χ2 = 21.86; p<0.001). Among the physical signs, standing to be mounted was the most consistent indication (97.8%) of oestrus. About 12.5% of the cows in oestrus did not mount other cows. The retrospective study indicated that the mean inter-oestrus interval for 46 oestruses was 29.2±19.7 days. The average gestation length for 141 cows was 276 days. Continuous and careful observation of oestrus would reduce the reproductive wastage that arises from less pronounced heat periods and those occurring at night, especially for ranches that use artificial insemination and have a limited number of bulls.

artificial insemination breed cattle oestrus reproduction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Alberro, M., 1983. Comparative performance of F1 Friesian × Zebu heifers in Ethiopia. Animal Production, 37, 247-252Google Scholar
  2. Alberro, M. and Hailemariam, S., 1982. The indigenous cattle of Ethiopia. Part I. FAO World Animal Review, 41, 27-34Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, J., 1944. The periodicity and duration of oestrus in Zebu and grade cattle. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Cambridge), 34, 57-68Google Scholar
  4. Baker, A.A., 1967. The pattern of oestrus behaviour in Sahiwal-Shorthorn heifers in South Eastern Queensland. Australian Veterinary Journal, 43, 140-144Google Scholar
  5. Chicoteau, P., Mamboue, E., Eloe, C. and Bassinga, A., 1989. Oestrus behaviour of Baule cows (Bos taurus) in Burkina Faso. Animal Reproduction Science, 21, 153-159Google Scholar
  6. Edqvist, L.E., Frederiksson, G., Kindhal, H., Larson, K. and Madej, A., 1984. Short oestrus cycles postpartum in cattle. In: The Use of Nuclear Techniques to Improve Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia, (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna), 79-83Google Scholar
  7. Foote, R.H., 1975. Oestrus detection and oestrus detection aids. Journal of Dairy Science, 58, 248-255Google Scholar
  8. Galina, C.S., Calderson, A. and McClosky, M., 1982. Detection of the signs of oestrus in the Charolais cow and its Brahman cross under continuous observation. Theriogenology, 17, 485-498Google Scholar
  9. Galina, C.S. and Arthur, G.H., 1990. Review on cattle reproduction in the tropics — part 4. Oestrus cycles. Animal Breeding Abstracts, 58, 697-707Google Scholar
  10. Glenn, J.C., Shenkute Tessema and Larsen, R., 1963. Preliminary observations on the gestation length and birth weight of Ethiopian cattle. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 28, 219-220Google Scholar
  11. Hansel, W., 1981. Plasma hormone concentrations associated with early embryo mortality in heifers. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 30, 231-239Google Scholar
  12. Hailemariam, M. and Mekonen, G., 1987. Reproductive performance of Fogera cattle and their Friesian crosses. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9, 95-114Google Scholar
  13. Kummerfeld, H.L., Oltenacu, E.A.B. and Foote, R.H., 1978. Embryonic mortality in dairy cows estimated by non-returns to service, oestrus and cyclic milk progesterone patterns. Journal of Dairy Science, 61, 1773-1777Google Scholar
  14. Llewelyn, C.A., Murno, C.D., Luckins, A.G., Jordt, T., Murray, M. and Lorenzini, E., 1987. Behavioural and ovarian changes during the oestrus cycle in the Boran (Bos indicus). British Veterinary Journal, 143, 75-82Google Scholar
  15. Lyimo, Z.C., Nielen, M., Ouweltjes, W., Kruip, T.A.M. and van Eerdenburg, F.J.C.M., 2000. Relationship among estradiol, cortisol and intensity of oestrous behaviour in dairy cattle. Theriogenology, 53, 1783-1795Google Scholar
  16. Mattoni, B.W., Mukasa-Mugerwa, E., Cecchini, G. and Sovani, S., 1988. The reproductive performance of East African (Bos indicus) Zebu cattle in Ethiopia. 1. Oestrus cycle length, duration, behaviour and ovulation time. Theriogenology, 30, 961-971Google Scholar
  17. McDowell, R.E., 1985. Crossbreeding in tropical areas with emphasis on milk, health and fitness. Journal of Dairy Science, 68, 2418-2435Google Scholar
  18. Mukasa-Mugerwa, E., 1989. A Review of Reproductive Performance of Female Bos indicus (Zebu) cattle, (ILCA Monograpth 6; International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)Google Scholar
  19. Mukasa-Mugerwa, E., Tegegne, A., Mesfin, T. and Teklu, Y., 1991a. Reproductive efficiency of Bos indicus (Zebu) cows under artificial insemination management in Ethiopia. Animal Reproduction Science, 24, 23-72Google Scholar
  20. Mukasa-Mugerwa, E., Tegegne, A. and Teklu, Y., 1991b. Characterisation of service intervals and frequency of service and frequency of short oestrus cycles in Zebu (Bos indicus) cows in Ethiopia. Reproduction Nutrition Development, 31, 361-367Google Scholar
  21. Mukasa-Mugerwa, E., Tegegne, A. and Ketema, H., 1991c. Patterns of postpartum oestrus, onset and associated plasma progesterone profiles in Bos indicus cows in Ethiopia. Animal Reproduction Science, 24, 73-84Google Scholar
  22. Odde, K.G., Ward, H.S., Kiracfoe, G.H., McKee, R.M. and Kittock, R.J., 1980. Short oestrus cycles and associated progesterone levels in beef cows. Theriogenology, 14, 105-112Google Scholar
  23. Orihuela, A., Galina, C., Escobar, J. and Riquelme, E., 1983. Oestrus behaviour following PGF injection in Zebu cattle under continuous observation. Theriogenology, 19, 795-809Google Scholar
  24. Plasse, D., Warnick, A.C. and Koger, M., 1970. Reproductive behaviour of Bos indicus females in a subtropical environment. IV. Length of oestrus cycle, duration of oestrus, time of ovulation, fertilisation and embryo survival in grade Brahman heifers. Journal of Animal Science, 30, 63-72Google Scholar
  25. Rakha, A.M., Igboeli, G. and King, J.L., 1971. Calving interval, gestation and postpartum periods of indigenous central African cattle under a restricted system of breeding. Journal of Animal Science, 32, 507-509Google Scholar
  26. Ramirez-Godinez, J.A., Kiracofe, G.H., Carnahan, D.L., Spire, M.F., Beeman, K.B., Stevenson, J.S. and Schalles, R.R., 1982. Evidence of ovulation and fertilisation in beef cows with short oestrus cycles. Theriogenology, 17, 409-414Google Scholar
  27. Roberts, S.J., 1986. Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases, (Edward Brothers Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan), 500-505Google Scholar
  28. Rollinson, D.H.L., 1963. Reproductive habits and fertility of indigenous cattle to artificial insemination in Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Science, 60, 279-284Google Scholar
  29. Rutter, L.M. and Randel, R.D., 1984. Luteal competency during the resumption of ovarian cyclicity in postpartum Brahman cows. Theriogenology, 21, 713-725Google Scholar
  30. SAS, 1994. SAS/STAT Guide for Personal Computers, version 8 edn (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC)Google Scholar
  31. Sinishaw, A., 1991. Effect of plane of nutrition on body growth, onset of puberty, oestrus behaviour and subsequent fertility in Zebu × Friesian crossbred heifers, (DVM thesis, Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine)Google Scholar
  32. Sinishaw, A., 1998. Oestrus behaviour and reproductive performance of extensively reared Fogera cattle breed of Metekel ranch. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Veterinary Association, (Ethiopian Veterinary Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), 75-92Google Scholar
  33. Tegegne, A., Geleto, A. and Kassa, T., 1992. Short luteal phases and ovulations without oestrus in primiparous Boran (Bos indicus) cows in Ethiopia. Animal Reproduction Science, 24, 73-84Google Scholar
  34. van Vilet, J.H. and van Eerdenburg, F.J.C.M., 1996. Sexual activities and oestrus detection in lactating Holstein cows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 50, 57-69Google Scholar
  35. Verma, R.P., Saxena, S.K. and Mishra, R.R., 1983. Oestrus patterns of crossbred cattle in tropics. Indian Veterinary Journal, 60, 235-236Google Scholar
  36. Wirtu, G., 1992. Evaluation of reproductive performance and aspects of oestrus phenomenon in Zebu and crossbred cattle at the ILCA, Debre-Zeit Research Station, (DVM thesis, Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Negussie
    • 1
  • T. Kassa
    • 1
  • M. Tibbo
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAddis Ababa UniversityDebre Zeit
  2. 2.International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)Animal Genetic ResourcesAddis AbabaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations