Natural Hazards

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 227–243 | Cite as

Earthquake Hazard Assessment in the Oran Region (Northwest Algeria)

  • Youcef Bouhadad
  • Nasser Laouami


This paper deals with the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis carried out in the Oran region, situated in the Northwest of Algeria. This part of Algeriawas historically struck by strong earthquakes. It was particularly affected during theOctober 9, 1790 Oran earthquake of intensity X. The main purpose of this work is to assessseismic hazard on rocks in order to provide engineers and planners with a basic tool for seismicrisk mitigation. The probabilistic approach is used in order to take into account uncertaintiesin seismic hazard assessment. Seismic sources are defined in the light of the most recentresults obtained from seismotectonics analyses carried out in North Algeria.Source parameters such as b-values, slip rate and maximum magnitude are assessed for eachseismic source. The attenuation of ground shaking motion with distance is estimated byusing attenuation relationships developed elsewhere throughout the world (Sadigh et al., 1993; Ambraseys and Bommer, 1991). The two relationships agree well with the local data. Differentchoices of source parameter values and attenuation relationships are assigned weights in alogic tree model. Results are presented as relationships between values of peak groundacceleration (PGA) and annual frequency of exceedance, and maps of hazard for returnperiods of 200 years and 500 years. A maximum peak ground acceleration of 0.42 g is obtainedfor the Oran site for a return period of 500 years.

probabilistic analysis Algeria hazard maps rocks seismic source parameters attenuation law 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youcef Bouhadad
    • 1
  • Nasser Laouami
    • 1
  1. 1.National Center of Applied Research in Earthquake Engineering, C.G.S.AlgerAlgeria

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