Advertisement

Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 61–69 | Cite as

How Does the Relationship Facilitate Productive Client Thinking?

  • Arthur C. Bohart
Article

Abstract

My thesis is: a) that the primary client activity that facilitates change is their productive thinking, b) that one key way the therapeutic relationship is helpful is that it facilitates this kind of activity, and c) that if we look at the therapist–client dyad as a group, then we can further understand how the therapy dialogue facilitates productive client thinking through recent ideas about socially shared cognition.

client thinking empathy therapeutic relationship common factors 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy. New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  2. Bohart, A. C. (2000). The client is the most important common factor: Clients' self-healing capacities and psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 10, 127–150.Google Scholar
  3. Bohart, A. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (1997). Empathy and psychotherapy: An introductory overview. In A. Bohart & L. Greenberg (Eds.), Empathy reconsidered (pp. 4–31). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  4. Bohart, A. C., & Tallman, K. (1999). How clients make therapy work: the process of active self-healing. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  5. Bohart, A. C., Elliott, R., Greenberg, L. S., & Watson, J. E. (in press). Empathy. In J. C. Norcross et al. (Eds.), Psychotherapy relationships that work.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, L. F. (1993). Stress and the cognitive-conversational benefits of social interaction. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 12, 25–55.Google Scholar
  7. Dweck, C. S. (1991). Self-Theories and goals: Their role in motivation, personality, and development. in R. A. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation, 1990: Perspectives on motivation (Vol. 388, pp. 199–235). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  8. Feshbach, N. D. (1997). Empathy: The formative years—implications for clinical practice. In A. C. Bohart & L. S Greenberg (Eds.), Empathy reconsidered: New directions in psychotherapy (pp. 33–62). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  9. Gendlin, E. T. (1964). A theory of personality change. In P. Worchel & D. Byrne (Eds.), Personality change. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  10. Klein, M. H., Mathieu-Coughlan, P., & Kiesler, D. J. (1986). The experiencing scales. In L. S. Greenberg & W.M. Pinsof (Eds.), The psychotherapeutic process: A research handbook (pp. 21–71). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  11. Pennebaker, J. W. (1990). Opening up: The healing power of confiding in others. New York: Morrow.Google Scholar
  12. Rennie, D. L. (2000). Aspects of the client's conscious control of the psychotherapeutic process. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 10, 151–169.Google Scholar
  13. Sachse, R. (1990). Concrete interventions are crucial: The influence of the therapist's processing proposals on the client's intrapersonal exploration in client-centered therapy. In G. Lietaer, J. Rombauts, & R. Van Balen (Eds.), Client-centered and experiential psychotherapy in the nineties (pp. 295–308). Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Seligman, M. E. P. (1990). Learned optimism. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  15. Snyder, C. R. (2000). A new model of hope. In C. R. Snyder (Ed), Handbook of hope: Theory, measurement, and interventions. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. Sternberg, R. (2001, August). Improving critical, creative, and practical thinking in yourself and in your students: A ‘How-to’ Workshop. Continuing Education Workshop Sponsored by The American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.Google Scholar
  17. Tallman, K. (1996). The state of mind theory: Goal orientation concepts applied to clinical psychology. Unpublished Master's Thesis, California State University Dominguez Hills.Google Scholar
  18. Thompson, L., & Fine, G. A. (1999). Socially shared cognition, affect, and behavior: A review and integration. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 278–302.Google Scholar
  19. Wampold, B. E. (2001). The great psychotherapy debate: Models, methods, and findings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  20. Watson, J. C.,& Rennie, D. L. (1994). Qualitative analysis of clients' subjective experience of significant moments during the exploration of problematic reactions. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 41, 500–509.Google Scholar
  21. Weiner, B. (1986). An attributional theory of motivation and emotion. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Wexler, D. A. (1974). A cognitive theory of experiencing, selff-actualization, and therapeutic process. In D. A. Wexler & L. N. Rice (Eds.), Innovations in client-centered therapy (pp. 49–116). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saybrook Graduate School and Research CenterSan Francisco

Personalised recommendations