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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 137, Issue 1–4, pp 117–140 | Cite as

Rainfall Concentrations and Wet Atmospheric Deposition of Phosphorus and Other Constituents in Florida, U.S.A.

  • H. J. Grimshaw
  • D. A. Dolske
Article

Abstract

Concentrations of phosphorus (P) and other constituents inweekly composited rain samples and concurrently acquired rainfallvolumes, collected from September 1992 through October 1993, wereused to estimate volume-weighted concentrations and wetatmospheric deposition rates, and compared to estimates fromprevious studies. Since this study’s purpose was to estimateregionally representative concentrations and rates of wetatmospheric deposition, sampling locations were chosen to avoidsites characterized by substantial local resuspension orrecycling phenomena. Significant differences were found in the wet deposition rates of calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), sodium (Na), hydrogen (H), and chloride (Cl) ions between sampling stationsin Florida. Consequently, statewide deposition rates and volume-weighted concentrations were estimated only for P, and fororthophosphate (PO4), ammonium (NH4), nitrate (NO3) and sulfate (SO4) ions that were not found to be spatially variable. Over the period of record, the mean rate of wet atmospheric P deposition across the state, and the mean rainfall P concentration, were found to be 25±>5 μg P M-2 wk-1 and 1.3±0.1 μg P L -1, respectively.

atmospheric deposition Everglades phosphorus rainfall 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecosystem Restoration Department, South Florida Water Management DistrictWest Palm BeachU.S.A.
  2. 2.Office of Air Quality, Illinois State Water SurveyChampaignU.S.A

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