Preventing HIV/AIDS Risk Behavior Among Youth
- Cite this article as:
- Shoveller, J.A. & Pietersma, W.A.W. AIDS Behav (2002) 6: 123. doi:10.1023/A:1015493014101
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The purpose of this article is to evaluate the quality of published studies conducted in North America that assessed behavior change interventions to prevent HIV'AIDS among people ages 12–24 years. A search of the Medline, HealthStar, and AIDSLINE electronic databases was completed. English language articles published between 1995 and 2000 were screened for relevance. A scoring system was developed to assess eligible studies on the following criteria: (a) selection bias, (b) study design, (c) sample size, (d) description of intervention, (e) theoretical basis for intervention, (f) data collection, (g) long-term follow-up, and (h) attrition and withdrawals. Two reviewers evaluated studies. Of the 20 eligible studies, all (n = 20) used convenience samples. The most common research design used was the experimental (n = 16). Ten studies were rated as “Strong,” 6 were of “Moderate” quality, and 4 were rated as “Weak.” The quality of intervention evaluations related to HIV/AIDS prevention among young people appears to be improving, although recruitment of probability samples, use of standardized outcomes, and attrition rates remain as challenges.