Chromosome Research

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 209–222

The genome phylogeny of domestic cat, red panda and five mustelid species revealed by comparative chromosome painting and G-banding

  • Wenhui Nie
  • Jinhuan Wang
  • Patricia C.M. O'Brien
  • Beiyuan Fu
  • Tian Ying
  • Malcolm A. Ferguson-Smith
  • Fengtang Yang
Article

Abstract

Genome-wide homology maps among stone marten (Martes foina, 2n = 38), domestic cat (Felis catus, 2n = 38), American mink (Mustela vison, 2n = 30), yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula, 2n = 40), Old World badger (Meles meles, 2n = 44), ferret badger (Melogale moschata, 2n = 38) and red panda (Ailurus fulgens, 2n = 36) have been established by cross-species chromosome painting with a complete set of stone marten probes. In total, 18 stone marten autosomal probes reveal 20, 19, 21, 18 and 21 pairs of homologous chromosomal segments in the respective genomes of American mink, yellow-throated marten, Old World badger, ferret badger and red panda. Reciprocal painting between stone marten and cat delineated 21 pairs of homologous segments shared in both stone marten and cat genomes. The chromosomal painting results indicate that most chromosomes of these species are highly conserved and show one-to-one correspondence with stone marten and cat chromosomes or chromosomal arms, and that only a few interchromosomal rearrangements (Robertsonian fusions and fissions) have occurred during species radiation. By comparing the distribution patterns of conserved chromosomal segments in both these species and the putative ancestral carnivore karyotype, we have reconstructed the pathway of karyotype evolution of these species from the putative 2n = 42 ancestral carnivore karyotype. Our results support a close phylogenetic relationship between the red panda and mustelids. The homology data presented in these maps will allow us to transfer the cat gene mapping data to other unmapped carnivore species.

cat chromosome painting cytogenetics evolution Mustelidae phylogeny red panda 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenhui Nie
    • 1
  • Jinhuan Wang
    • 1
  • Patricia C.M. O'Brien
    • 2
  • Beiyuan Fu
    • 2
  • Tian Ying
    • 1
  • Malcolm A. Ferguson-Smith
    • 2
  • Fengtang Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Cellular & Molecular EvolutionThe Chinese Academy of SciencesKunming, YunnanPRC
  2. 2.Centre for Veterinary Science, Department of Clinical Veterinary MedicineUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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