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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 173–177 | Cite as

The composition of pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan (L. Millsp.) grown in Botswana

  • J.O. Amarteifio
  • D.C. Munthali
  • S.K. Karikari
  • T.K. Morake
Article

Abstract

This study investigated the composition of pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan),grown at Sebele, Botswana. The raw seeds of six varieties were analyzed fordry matter, crude fat, protein, fiber, and ash, using Association of OfficialAnalytical Chemists procedures. Major minerals, Ca, K, P, Mg, Na and traceminerals, Cu, Fe and Zn were also assessed. The range of nutrient contentsobtained were: dry matter 86.6–88.0%, crude protein 19.0–21.7%, crudefat 1.2–1.3%, crude fiber 9.8–13.0%, and ash 3.9–4.3%. Minerals ranges(mg/100 g dry matter) were: K 1845–1941, P 163–293, Ca 120–167, Mg 113–127, Na 11.3–12.0, Zn 7.2–8.2, Fe 2.5–4.7 and Cu 1.6–1.8. There wereno significant differences in Na among the six varieties (p>0.05). For the other components, varietal differences (p < 0.05) were observed. The valuesobtained for the dry matter, crude protein, fat, ash, Ca, Cu, Fe, and Mg weresimilar to those in pigeon peas grown elsewhere, while those for crude fiber and Zn were higher. In general, the composition of pigeon peas compared favorably with those of other legumes such as Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea). The levels of crude protein, crude fiber, K, Ca, P and Mgindicated that pigeon peas could be valuable in the diet of the people of Botswana. This crop would positively contribute protein in the diet and thediversification of agricultural produce.

Botswana Minerals Pigeonpeas Proximate composition 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.O. Amarteifio
    • 1
  • D.C. Munthali
    • 2
  • S.K. Karikari
    • 2
  • T.K. Morake
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Basic SciencesBotswana
  2. 2.Crop Science and ProductionBotswana College of AgricultureGaboroneBotswana

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