Russian Journal of Genetics

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 369–372 | Cite as

Morphology of Hair Pigmentation in Wild Red Foxes, Silver Foxes, and Their Hybrids

  • L. A. Prasolova
  • L. N. Trut
  • E. B. Vsevolodov
  • I. F. Latipov

Abstract

The effects of dominant allele Ar of locus Agoution the morphology of hair pigmentation were described in foxes. The Ar allele was shown to determine the type of melanin and its content in hair with no effect on the morphology of pigment granules and their distribution throughout a hair. Using the method of electron spin resonance (ESR), the types of melanin (eumelanin and pheomelanin) and their content in the hair of red (ArArEE) and silver (aaEE) foxes and their hybrids (AraEE) were determined. In silver foxes, only one type of melanin (eumelanin) was found. In red foxes and their hybrids (which are phenotypically similar but darker than red foxes), both types of melanin (eu- and pheomelanin) were found. The highest melanin content was detected in the coat of silver foxes. In the hybrids, the total melanin content was lower than in silver foxes, but significantly higher than in red foxes. In red foxes, the contribution of pheomelanin to the total hair melanin content was twice as large as in the hybrids.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Brash, G., The Genetics of Pigmentation: From Fancy Genes to Complex Traits, Trend. Genet., 1996, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 299-305.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jackson, I., More to Colour Than Meets the Eye, Curr. Biol., 1993, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 518-521.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vage, D.I., Lu, D., Klungland, H., et al., A Nonepistatic Interaction of agouti and extension in the Fox Vulpes vulpes, Nat. Genet., 1997, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 311-315.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Searle, A.G., Comparative Genetics of Colour in Mammals, London: Logos, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schackelford, R.M., Genetic Background of Silver and Blue Fox, in Book of Fur Farming, Hillerød, 1982, pp. 85-86.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nes, N. and Fougner, J.A., The Arctic Marble Mutation Is Allelic to the White Face, Platinum and Georgian White Mutations in Foxes (Vulpes vulpes), Scientifur, 1986, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 29-32.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Adalsteinsson, S., Hersteinsson, P., and Gunnarsson, E., Fox Colors in Relation to Colors in Mice and Sheep, J. Hered., 1987, vol. 78, pp. 235-237.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nes, N., Einarsson, J., and Lohi, O., Beautiful Fur Animals-And Their Colors Genetics, Scientifur, 1988, pp. 25-146.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Adalsteinsson, S., Hersteinsson, P., Gunnarsson, E., and Palsdottir, A., Homology between Colors in Foxes and Other Mammals, Biology, Pathology and Genetics of Fur Bearing Animals: Proc. IV Int. Congr. on Fur Animal Production, Aug. 21–24, Ontario, 1988, pp. 506-516.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bradbury, M.W. and Fabricant, J.D., Changes in Melanin Granules in the Fox due to Coat Color Mutations, J. Hered., 1988, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 133-136.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bradbury, M.W., Fabricant, Ph.D., Fabricant, J.D., and Corporation, B., How Mutations Change Fox Coat Color, Fur Trade J. Can., 1988, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 10-16.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zvereva, L.P. and Belyaev, D.K., Phenogenetic Analysis of Pigmentation in Mutants of American Mink Mustela vison Scr. L.: 1. The Effects of the steel-blue and silver-blue Mutations and Their Compound on the Pigment Distribution through the Hair, Genetika (Moscow), 1976, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 97-103.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Prasolova, L.A., Tikhomirov, I.B., Vsevolodov, E.B., et al., Phenogenetic Analysis of Pigmentation in a New Coat Color Mutation and in Its Combinations with Several Known Mutations of American Mink Mustela vison Scr. L., Genetika (Moscow), 1994, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 255-260.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Prasolova, L.A., Trut, L.N., and Vsevolodov, E.B., Morphology of Mottling Hairs in Domesticated Silver Fox (Vulpes vulpes): Relation between the Expression of the Star and the Mottling Mutation, Scientifur, 1995, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 261-270.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Latypov, I.F., Vsevolodov, E.B., and Ochilov, K.D., Variation in Pheomelanin Content in the Hair of Astrakhan Lambs and the Problem of Coat Color Phenetics, Genetika (Moscow), 1997, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 365-369.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Trut, L.N., On the Coat Color Genes of Fox, Krolikovod. Zverovod., 1992, no. 2, pp. 4-6.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vsevolodov, E., Ito, S., Wakamatsu, K., et al., Comparative Analysis of Hair Melanins by Chemical and Electron Spin Resonance Methods, Pigment Cell Res., 1991, vol. 3, pp. 30-34.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Trapezov, O.V., Prasolova, L.A., Kharlamova, A.V., et al., The Selection for Aggressiveness Enhanced the Hair Pigmentation in Mink, in Applied Science Reports: Progress in Fur Animal Science, Warsaw, 1966, pp. 39-42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Prasolova
    • 1
  • L. N. Trut
    • 1
  • E. B. Vsevolodov
    • 2
  • I. F. Latipov
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Cytology and GeneticsRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of General Genetics and CytologyAcademy of Sciences of KazakhstanAlmatyKazakhstan

Personalised recommendations