Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 309–325 | Cite as

A Clinically Useful Screening Interview to Assess Violence Exposure in Youth

  • Mark D. Weist
  • Eric Youngstrom
  • C. Patrick Myers
  • Beth S. Warner
  • Suja Varghese
  • Nicole Dorsey
Article

Abstract

The Exposure to Violence Screening Measure (EVSM) was evaluated as a structured interview for assessing violence exposure among inner-city youth. Psychometric analysis of the measure on a sample of 352 inner-city teenagers indicated adequate internal consistency. The validity of the EVSM was supported by significant correlations between the total score and measures of life stress and behavioral problems.

inner-city youth violence interview behavioral problems 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Fitzpatrick KM: Exposure to violence and presence of depression among low-income African-American youth. J Cons Clin Psych 61: 528-531, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pynoos RS, & Nader K: Psychological first aid and treatment approach to children exposed to community violence: Research implications. J Traum Stress 1: 445-473, 1988.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Martinez P, & Richters JE: The NIMH Community Violence Project: II. Children's distress symptoms associated with violence exposure. Psychia 56: 22-35, 1993.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Warner BS, & Weist MD: Urban youth as witnesses to violence: Beginning assessment and treatment efforts. J Youth Adol 25: 361-377, 1996.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weist MD, & Cooley-Quille, M: Advancing efforts to address youth violence involvement. J Clin Child Psychol 30: 147-151, 2001.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cooley-Quille M, Boyd RC, Frantz E, & Walsh J: Emotional and behavioral impact of exposure to violence in inner-city adolescents. J Clin Child Psychol 30: 199-206, 2001.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dyson JL: The effect of family violence on children's academic performance and behavior. J Nat Med Assoc 82: 17-22, 1990.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prothrow-Stith D: Deadly consequences: How violence is destroying our teenage population and a plan to begin solving the problem. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1991.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shakoor B, & Chalmers D: Co-victimization of African-American children who witness violence and the theoretical implications of its effect on their cognitive, emotional, and behavioral development. J Nat Med Assoc 83: 233-238, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Margolis G, & Gordis EB: The effects of family and community violence on children. Ann Rev of Psychol 51: 445-479, 2000.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Richters JE, & Saltzman W: Survey of Children's Exposure to Community Violence: Youth Report. National Institute of Mental Health, 1990.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bell CC, Taylor-Crawford K, Jenkins EJ, et al.: Need for victimization screening in a black psychiatrist population. J Nat Med Assoc 80: 41-48, 1988.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gladstein J, & Slater EJ: Inner-city teenagers' exposure to violence: A prevalence study. MD Med J: 37, 951-954, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Richters JE, & Martinez P: Things I have seen and heard: A structured interview for assessing young children's violence exposure. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Mental Health, 1990.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Richters JE, Martinez P, & Valla JP: Levonn: A cartoon-based structured interview for assessing young children's distress symptoms. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Mental Health, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pynoos RS, & Eth S: Witness to violence: The child interview. J Amer Acad Child Adol Psychia 25: 306-319, 1986.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Isaacs MR: Violence: The impact of community violence on African American children and families. Arlington, VA: National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, 1992.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cicchetti D, & Lynch M: Toward an ecological/transactional model of community violence and child maltreatment: Consequences for children's development. Psychia 56: 96-118, 1993.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Work WC, Cowen EL, Parker GW, et al.: Stress resilient children in an urban setting. J Prim Prev 11: 3-17, 1990.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wills TA, Vaccaro D, & McNamara G: The role of life events, family support, and competence in adolescent substance use: A test of vulnerability and protective factors. Amer J Comm Psych 20: 349-374, 1992.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rosenberg M: Society and adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Reynolds WE: Self-report methodology. In TH Ollendick & M Hersen (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent assessment. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1993.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Achenbach TM: Manual for the Youth Self-Report and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry, 1991.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Streiner DL, Norman GR: Health Measurement Scales: A Practical Guide to their Development and Use. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ghiselli EE, Campbell JP, & Zedeck S: Measurement theory for the Behavioral sciences. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1981.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cohen J, Cohen P: Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1983.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Weist MD, Acosta OM, & Youngstrom, E: Predictors of violence exposure among inner-city youth. J Clin Child Psychol 30: 187-198, 2001.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Earls F: Child exposure to violence and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Grand Rounds presentation to the Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 1997 (January).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lorion RP, & Saltzman W: Children's exposure to community violence: Following a path from concern to research and action. Psychia 56: 55-65, 1993.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Acosta OM, Albus KE, Reynolds MW, Spriggs D, & Weist MD: Assessing the status of research on violence-related problems among youth. J Clin Child Psychol 30: 152-160, 2001.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tolan P: Emerging themes and challenges in understanding youth violence involvement. J Clin Child Psychol 30: 233-239, 2001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark D. Weist
    • 1
  • Eric Youngstrom
    • 2
  • C. Patrick Myers
    • 3
  • Beth S. Warner
    • 4
  • Suja Varghese
    • 3
  • Nicole Dorsey
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSM)Baltimore
  2. 2.Case Western Reserve UniversityUSA
  3. 3.University of Maryland School of MedicineUSA
  4. 4.University of Maryland College ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations