Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 167–184

Collateral Damage: An Analysis of the Achievements and Unintended Consequences of Batterer Intervention Programs and Discourse

  • Eric S. Mankowski
  • Janice Haaken
  • Courtenay S. Silvergleid
Article

Abstract

This paper reviews and critiques two prevailing program models for batterer intervention in order to highlight both their valuable achievements and attendant costs and consequences. We analyze these batterer intervention program models at 3 levels. First, we describe the historical development and basic program components of the intervention models. Second, we trace differences in the models to their grounding in different psychological assumptions and theories about behavior change, masculinity, and violence. Third, differences between the models are mapped onto contrasting approaches to the regulation of human deviance in the criminal justice and mental health systems. Based on this analysis, we conclude that further attention to structural and contextual factors, such as class, race, economic stress, and substance abuse in explanations of domestic violence is needed, together with alternative approaches to collaboration between victim advocates and batterer intervention providers.

domestic violence batterer intervention Duluth model unstructured group therapy criminal justice system 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Austin, J. B., and Dankwort, J. (1999). Standards for batterer programs: A review and analysis. J. Interpers. Viol. 14(2): 152–168.Google Scholar
  2. Benjamin, J. (1988). The Bonds of Love: Psychoanalysis, Feminism, and the Problem of Domination, Pantheon Books, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Brandwein, R. A. (ed.). (1999). BatteredWomen, Children, andWelfare Reform, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.Google Scholar
  4. Browne, K. O., Saunders, D. G., and Staecker, K. M. (1997). Process-psychodynamic groups for men who batter: A brief treatment model. Fam. Soc. 78: 265–271.Google Scholar
  5. Burns, J. (1992). Mad or just plain bad? Gender and the work of forensic clinical psychologists. In Ussher, J. M., and Nicolson, P. (eds.), Gender Issues in Clinical Psychology, Routledge, London, pp. 106–128.Google Scholar
  6. Chodorow, N. (1978). The Reproduction of Mothering, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.Google Scholar
  7. Daniels, J. M., and Murphy, C.M. (1997). Stages and processes of changes in batterers' treatment. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 4, 123–145. Achievements and Consequences of Batterer Intervention 183Google Scholar
  8. Dankwort, J. (1988). The challenge of accountability in treating wife abusers: A critique from Quebec. Can. J. Commun. Ment. Health, 7: 103–117.Google Scholar
  9. Downs, D. A. (1996). More Than Victims: BatteredWomen, the Syndrome Society, and the Law, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  10. Dutton, D. G. (1999). Traumatic origins of intimate rage. Aggression Viol. Behav. 4: 431–447.Google Scholar
  11. Edleson, J., and Tolman, R. (1993). Interventions for Men Who Batter: An Ecological Approach, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar
  12. Forer, L. G. (1994). The Rage to Punish: The Unintended Consequences of Mandatory Sentencing, Norton, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Gondolf, E. A. (1988). Who are those guys? Toward a behavioral typology of batterers. Viol. Vict. 3: 187–203.Google Scholar
  14. Gondolf, E. A. (1999a). Comparison of four batterer intervention systems: Do court referral, program length, and services matter? J. Interpers. Viol. 14: 41–61.Google Scholar
  15. Gondolf, E. A. (1999b). MCMI-III results for batterer program participants in four cities: Less “pathological” than expected. J. Fam. Viol. 14: 1–17.Google Scholar
  16. Gondolf, E. W., and Hanneken, J. (1987). The Gender Warrior: Reformed batterers on abuse, treatment and change. J. Fam. Viol. 2: 177–191.Google Scholar
  17. Gordon, L. (1988). Heroes of Their Own Lives: The Politics and History of Family Violence: Boston 1880-1960, Viking. New York.Google Scholar
  18. Gottman, J. M., Jacobson, N. S., Rushe, R. H., Shortt, J. W., Babcock, J., La Taillade, J. J., and Waltz, J. (1995). The relationship between heart reactivity, emotionally aggressive behavior, and general violence in batterers. J. Fam. Psychol. 9: 227–248.Google Scholar
  19. Healey, K., Smith, C., and O'Sullivan, C. (1998). Batterer Intervention: Program Approaches and Criminal Justice Strategies, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  20. Herman, J. L. (1992). Trauma and Recovery, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Hilton, N. Z. (1993). Introduction. In Hilton, N. Z. (ed.), Legal Responses to Wife Assault: Current Trends and Evaluation, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 3–8.Google Scholar
  22. Holtzworth-Munroe, A., and Stuart, G. L. (1994). Typologies of male batterers: Three subtypes and the differences among them. Psychol. Bull. 116(3): 476–497.Google Scholar
  23. Jacobson, N. S., & Gottman, J. M. (1998). When Men Batter Women: New Insights Into Ending Abusive Relationships, Simon & Schuster, New York.Google Scholar
  24. Jennings, J. L. (1987). History and issues in the treatment of battering men: A case for unstructured group therapy. J. Fam. Viol. 2(3): 193–213.Google Scholar
  25. Jones, E. E., and Pulos, S. M. (1993). Comparing the process in psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral therapies. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 61: 306–316.Google Scholar
  26. Jukes, A. E. (1994). Why Men Hate Women, Free Association Books. London.Google Scholar
  27. Jukes, A. E. (1999). Men Who Batter Women, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  28. Kaufman, M. (1994). Men, feminism, and men's contradictory experiences of power. In Brod, H., and Kaufman, M. (eds.), Theorizing Masculinities, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 142–163.Google Scholar
  29. Lindsey, M., McBride, R. W., and Platt, C. M. (1993). Amend: Philosophy and Curriculum for Treating Batterers, Gylantic Publishing Co, Littleton, CO.Google Scholar
  30. Masse, M. A. (1992). In the Name of Love: Women, Masochism, and the Gothic, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.Google Scholar
  31. Moore, K. J., Greenfield, W. L., Wilson, M., and Kok, A. C. (1997). Toward a taxonomy of batterers. Families in Society, 78, 352–360.Google Scholar
  32. Murphy, C. M., and Baxter, V. A. (1997). Motivating batterers to change in the treatment context. J. Interpersonal Viol. 12(4): 607–613.Google Scholar
  33. Myers, D. L. (1995). Eliminating the battering of women by men: Some considerations for behavior analysis. J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 28: 493–507.Google Scholar
  34. Ornduff, S. R, Kelsey, R. M., and O'Leary, K. D. (1995). What do we know about typologies of batterers? Comment on Gottman et al. (1995). J. Fam. Psychol. 9: 249–252.Google Scholar
  35. Pence, E., and Paymar, M. (1993). Education Groups for Men Who Batter: The Duluth Model, Springer, New York. 184 Mankowski, Haaken and SilvergleidGoogle Scholar
  36. Raphael, J. (1999). Keeping women poor:Howdomestic violence prevents women from leaving welfare and entering the world of work. In Brandwein, R. A. (ed.), Battered Women, Children, and Welfare Reform, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 31–44.Google Scholar
  37. Reitz, R. R. (1999). Batterers' experiences of being violent:Aphenomenological study. Psychol. Women Q. 23: 143–165.Google Scholar
  38. Roberts, A. R. (1996). Helping BatteredWomen: New Perspectives and Remedies, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  39. Saunders, D. G. (1993). Husbands who assault: Multiple profiles requiring multiple responses. In Hilton, N. Z. (ed.), Legal Responses to Wife Assault: Current Trends and Evaluation, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 9–34.Google Scholar
  40. Saunders, D. G. (1996). Feminist-cognitive-behavioral and process psychodynamic treatments for men who batter: Interaction of abuser traits and treatment models. Viol. Vict. 11(4): 393–413.Google Scholar
  41. Scalia, J. (1994). Psychoanalytic insights and the prevention of pseudosuccess in the cognitivebehavioral treatment of batterers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 9, 548–555.Google Scholar
  42. Schechter, S. (1982). Women and Male Violence: The Visions and Struggles of the Battered Women's Movement, South End Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  43. Segal, L. (1990). SlowMotion: Changing Masculinities, ChangingMen, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ.Google Scholar
  44. Sonkin, D. J., and Durphy, M. (1997). Learning to LiveWithoutViolence, Volcano Press, Volcano, CA.Google Scholar
  45. Syers, M., and Edleson, J. L. (1992). The combined effects of coordinated criminal justice intervention in woman abuse. J. Interpers. Viol. 7: 490–502.Google Scholar
  46. Teays, W. (1998). Standards of perfection and battered women's self-defense. In French, S. G., Teays, W., and Purdy, L. M. (eds.), Violence Against Women: Philosophical Perspectives, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, pp. 57–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric S. Mankowski
    • 1
  • Janice Haaken
    • 1
  • Courtenay S. Silvergleid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyPortland State UniversityPortland

Personalised recommendations