, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 33–43 | Cite as

Seasonal variations in the atmospheric Betula pollen count in Gdańsk (southern Baltic coast) in relation to meteorological parameters

  • Małgorzata Latałowa
  • Mirosław Miętus
  • Agnieszka Uruska


Seven years of observations of thepatterns and fluctuations in atmosphericBetula pollen concentration with respect tometeorological variables enable the mostimportant factors shaping the pollen season ofbirches in the Gdańsk area (northernPoland) to be defined. The correlation factorsfor different aspects of the pollen season andparticular meteorological variables arepresented. A biennial cyclic rhythm is observedin the annual pollen sums. The starting date ofthe Betula pollen season is a ratherstable parameter for those years whichrepresent the average, most typical,meteorological conditions as recorded for thearea.

Betula pollen meteorological parameters northern Poland pollen season seasonal variation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bricchi E., Frenguelli G., Mincigrucci G., Fornacinari M., Ferranti F. and Romano B.: 1995, Time linkages between pollination onsets of different taxa over an 11-year period in Perugia, Central Italy. Aerobiologia 11, 57-61.Google Scholar
  2. Chałupka W. and Krawiarz K.: 1979, Physiology of growth and development. In: S. Białobok (ed), Brzozy Betula L. PWN: Warszawa Poznán, pp.123-148 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  3. Emberlin J.C., Savage M. and Woodman R.: 1993, Annual variation in the concentration of Betula pollen in the London area, 1961-1990. Grana 32, 359-363.Google Scholar
  4. Emberlin J., Jones S., Bailey J., Caulton E., Corden J., Dubbels S., Evans J., McDonagh N., Millington W., Mullins J., Russel R. and Spencer T.: 1994, Variation in the start of the grass pollen season at selected sites in the United Kingdom 1987-1992. Grana 33, 94-99.Google Scholar
  5. Emberlin J., Mullins J., Corden J., Millington W., Brooke M., Savage M. and Jones S.: 1997, The trend to earlier Birch pollen seasons in the UK: A biotic response to changes in weather conditions? Grana 36, 29-33.Google Scholar
  6. Frenguelli G., Spieksma F.Th., M., Bricchi E., Romano B., Mincigrucci G., Nikkels A.H., Dankaart W. and Ferranti F.: 1991, The influence of air temperature on the starting dates of the pollen season of Alnus and Populus. Grana 30, 196-200.Google Scholar
  7. Hicks S., Helander M. and Heino S.: 1994, Birch pollen production, transport and deposition for the period 1984-1993 at Kevo, northernmost Finland. Aerobiologia 10, 183-191.Google Scholar
  8. Hicks S.: 1999, The relationship between climate and annual pollen deposition at northern tree-lines. Chemosphere: Global Change Science 1, 403-416.Google Scholar
  9. Hjelmroos M.: 1991, Evidence of long-distance transport of Betula pollen. Grana 30, 215-228.Google Scholar
  10. Hjelmroos M.: 1992, Long-distance transport of Betula pollen grains and allergic symptoms. Aerobiologia 8(2), 231-236.Google Scholar
  11. Hjelmroos M. and van Hage-Hamsten M.: 1993, Birch pollen dispersal on the Baltic island, Gotland. Grana Suppl. 2, 75-79.Google Scholar
  12. Hultén E. and Fries M.: 1986, Atlas of North European Vascular Plants. Koeltz Scientific Books: Königstein.Google Scholar
  13. Käpylä M. and Penttinen A.: 1981, An evaluation of the microscopical counting methods of the tape in Hirst-Burkard pollen and spore trap. Grana 20, 131-141.Google Scholar
  14. Marletto V., Branzi M.P. and Sirotti M.: 1992, Forecasting flowering dates of lawn species with air temperature: application boundaries of the linear approach. Aerobiologia 8, 75-83.Google Scholar
  15. Nilsson S. and Persson S.: 1981, Tree pollen spectra in the Stockholm region (Sweden), 1973-1980. Grana 20, 179-182.Google Scholar
  16. Norris-Hill J.: 1998, A method to forecast the start of the Betula, Platanus and Quercus pollen seasons in north London. Aerobiologia 14, 165-170.Google Scholar
  17. Puls K.E. and Bock K.-H.: 1993, Pollen flight forecasting in Germany and in Europe. Experientia 49, 943-946.Google Scholar
  18. Spieksma F.Th.M., Frenguelli G., Nikkels A.H., Mincigrucci G., Smithius L.O.M.J., Bricchi E., Dankaart W. and Romano B.: 1989, Comparative study of airborne pollen concentrations in central Italy and the Netherlands (1982-1985). Grana 28, 25-36.Google Scholar
  19. Spieksma F. Th., Emberlin J.C., Hjelmroos M., Jäger S. and Leuschner R.M.: 1995, Atmospheric birch (Betula) pollen in Europe: Trends and fluctuations in annual quantities and the starting dates of the seasons. Grana 34, 51-57.Google Scholar
  20. Vik H., Florvaag E. and Elsayed S.: 1991, Allergenic significance of Betula (birch) pollen. In: G. D'Amato, F.Th.M. Spieksma and S. Bonini (eds), Allergenic pollen and pollinosis in Europe. Blackwell Scientific Publications: Oxford-Vienna, pp. 94-97.Google Scholar
  21. Wallin J.-E., Segerström U., Rosenhall L., Bergmann E. and Hjelmroos M.: 1991, Allergic symptoms caused by long-distance transported birch pollen. Grana 30, 265-268.Google Scholar
  22. Zarzycki K.: 1979, Outline of ecology. In: S. Białobok (ed), Brzozy Betula L. PWN: Warszawa-Poznán, pp. 265-292 (in Polish).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Małgorzata Latałowa
    • 2
  • Mirosław Miętus
    • 3
  • Agnieszka Uruska
    • 1
  1. 1.Lab. of Palaeoecology and Archaeobotany, Dept. of Plant EcologyUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland
  2. 2.Lab. of Palaeoecology and Archaeobotany, Dept. of Plant EcologyUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland
  3. 3.Institute of Meteorology and Water ManagementMaritime BranchGdyniaPoland

Personalised recommendations