Sex Roles

, Volume 45, Issue 7–8, pp 455–480 | Cite as

Should We Take “Gender” Out of Gender Subtypes? The Effects of Gender, Evaluative Valence, and Context on the Organization of Person Subtypes

  • Sandra Carpenter
  • Susan Trentham


Previous research examining the organization of person subtypes has focused on gender and evaluation as organizing principles. Our research additionally examined subtype organization in terms of the classic “person categories” described in the self-concept and impression formation literature. Using both qualitative and quantitative measures, we examined the relative impact of these three mechanisms of subtype organization. We also investigated whether contextual cues impact subtype organization. We found that subtypes are more frequently organized in terms of person categories than by gender or evaluation. Also, as predicted, some subtype clusters' organization was relatively stable, whereas other subtype clusters were more sensitive to contextual influences. These results are discussed in terms of how characteristics that are salient in a situation may prime certain subtypes.

subtypes gender stereotypes gender evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Alabama in HuntsvilleUSA;
  2. 2.The University of Nevada in RenoUSA

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