Lithology and Mineral Resources

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 186–193 | Cite as

New Data on the Composition of Magnetic Minerals from Paleosols of Southern Tajikistan

  • A. E. Dodonov
  • A. I. Gorshkov
  • N. V. Verkhovtseva
  • A. V. Sivtsov
  • L. P. Zhou


A dependence of the magnetic susceptibility (κ) on the alternation of paleosol and loess has been revealed for loess sections of southern Tajikistan: the κ value increases in paleosols and decreases in loesses. The magnetic signal intensification in the paleosol is caused by an elevated content of ferromagnetics. New electron-microscopic data on magnetic minerals from the paleosol have demonstrated that the principal ferromagnetic responsible for high κ values of the paleosol is biogenic fine-dispersed magnetite. Its particles vary from 0.0n to 0.n μm in size and exhibit crystallochemical characteristics typical for this mineral. Under pedogenetic conditions and participation of Fe-reducing bacteria, the activity of biomineralization is controlled by paleoclimatic variations.


Magnetic Susceptibility Sedimentology Magnetic Mineral Signal Intensification Magnetic Signal 
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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. Dodonov
    • 1
  • A. I. Gorshkov
    • 2
  • N. V. Verkhovtseva
    • 3
  • A. V. Sivtsov
    • 2
  • L. P. Zhou
    • 4
  1. 1.Geological Institute (GIN)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry (IGEM)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Pedological FacultyMoscow State University (MGU)Vorob'evy gory, MoscowRussia
  4. 4.Peking UniversityPekingChina

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