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Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 49–59 | Cite as

Interactive effects of gibberellic acid (GA3) and salt stress on growth, ion accumulation and photosynthetic capacity of two spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in salt tolerance

  • M. Ashraf
  • Fakhra Karim
  • E. Rasul
Article

Abstract

A sand culture experiment assessed whether gibberellic acid(GA3) could alleviate the adverse effects of salt stress on thegrowth, ion accumulation and photosynthetic capacity of two spring wheatcultivars, Barani-83 (salt sensitive) and SARC-I (salt tolerant).Three-week-oldplants of both cultivars were exposed to 0, 100 and 200 molm−3 NaCl in Hoagland's nutrient solution. Threeweeks after the initiation of salt treatments, half of the plants of eachcultivar were sprayed overall with 100 mg L−1GA3 solution. Plants were harvested 3 weeks after theapplication of GA3. Fresh and dry weights of shoots and roots, plantheight and leaf area were decreased with increasing supply of salt, butgibberellic acid treatment caused a significant ameliorative effect on both thecultivars with respect to these growth attributes. However, GA3caused no significant change in grain yields but increased grain size in boththe cultivars. Saline growth medium caused a marked increase in theconcentrations of Na+ and Cl in shoots androots of both the lines. However, with the application of GA3accumulation of Na+ and Cl was enhanced inboth shoots and roots of both wheat lines, but more ions accumulated in saltsensitive Barani-83 than in salt tolerant SARC-1. Net CO2assimilation rate (A) of both wheat lines decreased consistently withincreasingsupply of NaCl, but application of GA3 alleviated the effect of saltstress on this variable in both the cultivars. However, the ameliorative effectof the hormone was more pronounced in Barani-83 than in SARC-1. Althoughwater-use efficiency (A/E = CO2assimilation/transpiration) and intrinsic water use efficiency(A/gs = CO2 assimilation/stomatalconductance) decreased significantly with increasing salt concentration of thegrowth medium in both the cultivars, GA3 was more effective inenhancing both the water-use attributes in Barani-83 than in SARC-1. Overall,GA3 treatment stimulated the vegetative growth of both cultivars ofwheat under salt stress, but it caused a slight reduction in grain yield.GA3 treatment enhanced the accumulation of Na+ andCl in both shoots and roots of wheat plants under saltstress.It also caused a significant increase in photosynthetic capacity in both linesat the vegetative stage under both saline and non-saline media.

Gibberellic acid Ion contents Photosynthesis Salt tolerance Water-use efficiency 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ashraf
    • 1
  • Fakhra Karim
    • 1
  • E. Rasul
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan

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