Advances in Health Sciences Education

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 63–80 | Cite as

Measuring Self-assessment: Current State of the Art

  • Mylène Ward
  • Larry Gruppen
  • Glenn RegehrEmail author


The competent physician pursues lifelong learning through the recognition of deficiencies and the formulation of appropriate learning goals. Despite the accepted theoretical value of self-assessment, studies have consistently shown that the accuracy of self-assessment is poor. This paper examines the methodological issues that plague the measurement of self-assessment ability and presents several strategies that address these methodological problems within the current paradigm. In addition, the article proposes an alternative conceptualization of self-assessment and describes its associated methods. The conclusions of prior research in this domain must be re-examined in light of the common pitfalls encountered in the design of the studies and the analyses of the data. Future efforts to elucidate self-assessment phenomena need to consider the implications of this review.

education educational measurement medical self-assessment self-evaluation programs 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Medical EducationUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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