Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 45–66 | Cite as

Passion and Gambling: On the Validation of the Gambling Passion Scale (GPS)

  • François L. Rousseau
  • Robert J. Vallerand
  • Catherine F. Ratelle
  • Geneviève A. Mageau
  • Pierre J. Provencher


Vallerand and his colleagues (Vallerand & Blanchard, 1999; Vallerand, Blanchard, Koestner, & Gagné, 2001) have recently proposed a new concept of passion. According to these authors, passion refers to a strong inclination toward an activity that we like, find important, and in which we invest time. Vallerand et al. have identified two types of passion: obsessive and harmonious. Obsessive passion refers to an internal pressure that forces an individual to engage in the activity. Harmonious passion, on the other hand, refers to an internal force that leads an individual to choose freely to engage in an activity. While obsessive passion has been shown in some circumstances to lead to negative psychological and physical consequences, harmonious passion generally leads to positive psychological and physical consequences. The purpose of the present research was to validate a measure of passion toward gambling: the Gambling Passion Scale (GPS). The GPS consists of two subscales (obsessive passion and harmonious passion) comprising five items each. Results from two studies involving a total of 340 participants revealed satisfactory internal consistency and temporal stability indices, as well as a two-factor structure supported by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Finally, a series of partial correlational analyses between the two subscales and scales assessing behavioral measures related to gambling supported the construct validity of the GPS. The present results suggest that the GPS is a useful scale for research on gambling.

obsessive and harmonious passion scale validation gambling behaviors 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • François L. Rousseau
    • 1
  • Robert J. Vallerand
    • 2
  • Catherine F. Ratelle
    • 1
  • Geneviève A. Mageau
    • 1
  • Pierre J. Provencher
    • 1
  1. 1.Université du Québec àMontréal
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Comportement Social, Département de PsychologieUniversité du Québec à Montréal, t[C.P. 8888, Station “Centre-Ville,”MontréalCanada

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