Effects of coastal reclamation on riverine macrobenthic infauna (Sungei Punggol) in Singapore

Article

Abstract

A three-year annual survey (1998–2000) wascarried out at Sungei (= River) Punggol ofSingapore to investigate the effects of coastalreclamation on macrobenthic community. Familynumber and abundance of macrobenthossignificantly decreased close to the reclaimedarea but significantly increased away from itduring the survey period. Community structureof macrobenthic infauna also changedsignificantly over time. Very few benthicanimals were found near the reclaimed area, andfamily number and abundance of macrobenthosincreased with distance from the reclaimedarea. These results suggest that reclamationhas a damaging effect on macrobenthic communityand significantly changes the community structure of macrobenthos, but may be beneficial to benthic infauna beyond the reclaimed area.

coastal environment macrobenthic infauna reclamation Singapore 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arntz, W. E. & H. Rumohr, 1982. An experimental study of macrobenthic colonization and succession, and the importance of seasonal variation in temperate latitude. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 64: 17–45.Google Scholar
  2. Bilyard, G. R., 1987. The value of benthic infauna in marine pollution monitoring studies. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 18: 581–585.Google Scholar
  3. Bray, J. R. & J. T. Curtis, 1957. An ordination of upland forest community of Southern Wisconsin. Ecol. Monogr. 27: 325–349.Google Scholar
  4. Chong, E. C. & M. G. K. Loo, 1990. A hydrobiological survey (1988) of Sungei Punggol. In: Chou, L. M. (ed.), Coastal Living Resources of Singapore: Proceedings of a Symposium on the Assessment of Living Resources in the Coastal Areas of Singapore (3 April 1989). Singapore: 63–71.Google Scholar
  5. Chong, E. C. & L.M. Chou, 1992. Effects of reclamation on benthic communities in an estuary (Sungei Punggol) in Singapore. In: Chou, L. M. & C. R. Wilkinson (eds), Third ASEAN Science and Technology Week Conference Proceedings, Vol. 6, Marine Science: Living Coastal Resources (21-23 September 1992). Singapore: 205–211.Google Scholar
  6. Clarke, K. B. & R. M Warwick, 1994. Changes in Marine Communities: an Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation. Natural Environment Research Council, U.K.Google Scholar
  7. Connell, J. H. & R. B. Slatyer, 1977. Mechanism of succession in natural communities and their role in community stability and organization. The American Naturalist 111: 1119–1144.Google Scholar
  8. Ehrenfeld, J. G., 2000. Evaluating wetlands within an urban context. Ecological Engineering 15: 253–265.Google Scholar
  9. Han, M. W. & Y. C. Park, 1999. The development of anoxia in the artificial lake Shihwa, Korea, as a consequence of intertidal reclamation. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38: 1194–1199.Google Scholar
  10. Karel, E., 1999. Ecological effects of dumping of dredged sediment; options for management. Journal of Coastal Conservation 5: 69–80.Google Scholar
  11. Kenny, A. J. & H. L. Rees, 1994. The effects of marine gravel extraction on the macrobenthos. Early post-dredging recolonization. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 28: 442–447.Google Scholar
  12. Lu, L. & R. S. S. Wu, 1998. Recolonization and succession of marine macrobenthos in organic-enriched sediment deposited from fish farms. Envir. Pollut. 101: 241–251.Google Scholar
  13. Lu, L. & R. S. S. Wu, 2000. An experimental study on recolonization and succession of marine macrobenthos in defaunated sediment. Marine Biology 136: 291–302.Google Scholar
  14. Marcus, L., 2000. Restoring tidal wetlands at Sonoma Baylands, San Francisco Bay, California. Ecological Engineering 15: 373–383.Google Scholar
  15. Newell, R. C., L. J. Seiderer & D. R. Hitchcock, 1998. The impact of dredging works in coastal waters: a review of the sensitivity to disturbance and subsequent recovery of biological resources on the sea bed. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev. 36: 127–178.Google Scholar
  16. Pearson, T. H. & R. Rosenberg, 1978. Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 16: 229–311.Google Scholar
  17. Prat, N., J. Toja, C. Sola, M. D. Burgos, M. Plans & M. Rieradevall, 1999. Effect of dumping and cleaning activities on the aquatic ecosystems of the Guadiamar River following a toxic flood. Science of the Total Environment 242: 231–248.Google Scholar
  18. Valdes, L., 1999. Biodiversity and human impact in the OSPAR Region IV marine ecosystem (Strait if gibraltar-Brest): Logistic and results. Council Meeting of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Stockholm (Sweden) (27 September-6 October 1999).Google Scholar
  19. Warwick, R. M., 1988. The level of taxonomic discrimination required to detect pollution effects on marine benthic communities. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 19: 259–268.Google Scholar
  20. West, T. L., L. M. Clough & W. G. Ambrose Jr., 2000. Assessment of function in an oligohaline environment: Lessons learned by comparing created and natural habitats. Ecological Engineering 15: 303–321.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tropical Marine Science InstituteNational University of SingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.National Institute of EducationNanyang Technological UniversitySingapore
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesNational University of SingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations