The Construct Validity of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (SPWB) and their Relationship to Measures of Subjective Well-Being
- 2.1k Downloads
The factor structure of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (SPWB) and their relationship to standardized measures of subjective well-being (SWB) were investigated. Two hundred seventy-seven participants ranging in age from 18 to 48 years were administered the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH), the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), and the SPWB. Results failed to support either the hypothesis that performing factor analytic procedures on the items of the SPWB should produce a six-factor solution, with scale-specific items loading most highly on their respective factors or the hypothesis that subjecting the sub-scales of the SPWB to factor analytic procedures along with standardized measures of SWB would produce one higher-order well-being factor. Instead, item loadings clustered around three major factors that could not be identified with the six scales proposed by Ryff. Moreover, the factor analysis of SPWB and SWB scale totals produced three, instead of one, higher-order factors. Implications of findings are discussed with respect to the relationship of the PWB construct to the SWB construct.
KeywordsLife Satisfaction Satisfaction With Life Scale Social Indicator Research Environmental Mastery Positive Psychological Functioning
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bradburn, N.M.: 1969, The Structure of Psychological Well-Being (Aldine Publishing Co, Chicago).Google Scholar
- Costa, P.T. and R.R. McCrae: 1985, The NEO Personality Inventory (Psychological Assessment Resources, Odessa, Florida).Google Scholar
- Kamman, R. and R. Flett: 1983, 'Affectometer 2: A scale to measure current level of general happiness', Australian Journal of Psychology 35, pp. 257-265.Google Scholar
- Kozma, A.: 1986, The Structure of Happiness, Invited Address to the Canadian Psychological Association (Toronto, June).Google Scholar
- Kozma, A., S. Stone and M.J. Stones: 2000, 'Stability in components and predictors of subjective well-being (SWB): Implications for SWB structure', in E. Diener (ed.), Advances in Quality of Life Theory and Research (Kluwer, Dordrecht, Netherlands).Google Scholar
- Kozma, A., M.J. Stones and J.K. McNeil: 1991, Psychological Well-Being in Later Life (Butterworths, Toronto).Google Scholar
- Lawton, M.P.: 1972, 'The dimensions of morale', in D.P. Kent, R. Kastenbaum and S. Sherwood (eds.), Research Planning and Action for the Elderly: The Power and Potential of Social Science (Behavioral Publications, New York).Google Scholar
- Pedhazur, E.J. and L. Pedhazur-Schmelkin: 1991, Measurement, Design, and Analysis: An Integrated Approach (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New Jersey).Google Scholar
- Sauer, W.J. and R. Warland: 1982, 'Morale and Life Satisfaction', in D.A. Mangen and W.A. Peterson (eds.), Research Instruments in Social Gerontology: Vol. 1. Clinical and Social Psychology (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, pp. 195-240).Google Scholar