Solar Physics

, Volume 204, Issue 1–2, pp 55–67 | Cite as

A Hard X-ray Two-Ribbon Flare Observed with Yohkoh/HXT

  • S. Masuda
  • T. Kosugi
  • H.S. Hudson


The Yohkoh hard X-ray telescope (HXT) observed hard X-rays from the impulsive phase of a long-duration event (LDE) occurring on 14 July 2000. The Yohkoh soft X-ray telescope (SXT) and other instruments observed a large arcade, with width and length ∼30 000 km and ∼120 000 km, respectively. In hard X-rays, for the first time, a two-ribbon structure was clearly observed in the energy range above 30 keV. This result suggests that electrons are in fact accelerated in the whole system of this arcade, not merely in a particular dominant loop. We analyzed the motions of bright kernels in the two hard X-ray ribbons in detail. Assuming these bright kernels to be footpoints of newly reconnected loops, we infer from their motions that the loops reconnecting early are highly sheared, while the loops reconnecting later are less sheared. We have also analyzed the hard X-ray spectra of the two ribbons independently. At the outer edge of a ribbon, the spectrum tends to be harder than that in the inner edge. This suggests that higher-energy electrons precipitate at the footpoints of outer loops and lower ones do at those of inner loops. We discuss what kind of model can support this tendency.


Flare Energy Range Outer Edge Outer Loop Impulsive Phase 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Masuda
    • 1
  • T. Kosugi
    • 2
  • H.S. Hudson
    • 2
  1. 1.Solar-Terrestrial Environment LaboratoryNagoya UniversityAichiJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceKanagawaJapan

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