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BioControl

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 387–400 | Cite as

Suggestions for unifying the terminology in biological control

  • J. Eilenberg
  • A. Hajek
  • C. Lomer
Article

Abstract

This paper gives suggestions forunifying the terminology in biological controlacross different research disciplines, such asbiological control of arthropods, weeds andplant pathogens. It is suggested that use ofthe term `biological control' is restricted tothe use of living organisms. Four strategiesof biological control are outlined anddefined: (1) Classical biological control, (2) Inoculation biological control, (3) Inundationbiological control, and (4) Conservationbiological control. It is proposed to usethese four terms as defined, and avoid usageof the term `augmentation'. Terms for specificprocesses and modes of action (for example,`parasitoid' and `competitor') can be definedby usage within the different biologicalcontrol disciplines. Microbial control usuallyindicates biological control of invertebratesusing microbes and, as such, is a subdivisionof biological control. Use of additionalauxiliary terms such as biopesticide isdiscussed.

biological control biocontrol biopesticides classical biological control inoculation biological control inundation biological control conservation biological control integrated pest management 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Eilenberg
    • 1
  • A. Hajek
    • 2
  • C. Lomer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EcologyRoyal Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL)FrederiksbergDenmark
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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