, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 387–400 | Cite as

Suggestions for unifying the terminology in biological control

  • J. Eilenberg
  • A. Hajek
  • C. Lomer


This paper gives suggestions forunifying the terminology in biological controlacross different research disciplines, such asbiological control of arthropods, weeds andplant pathogens. It is suggested that use ofthe term `biological control' is restricted tothe use of living organisms. Four strategiesof biological control are outlined anddefined: (1) Classical biological control, (2) Inoculation biological control, (3) Inundationbiological control, and (4) Conservationbiological control. It is proposed to usethese four terms as defined, and avoid usageof the term `augmentation'. Terms for specificprocesses and modes of action (for example,`parasitoid' and `competitor') can be definedby usage within the different biologicalcontrol disciplines. Microbial control usuallyindicates biological control of invertebratesusing microbes and, as such, is a subdivisionof biological control. Use of additionalauxiliary terms such as biopesticide isdiscussed.

biological control biocontrol biopesticides classical biological control inoculation biological control inundation biological control conservation biological control integrated pest management 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Eilenberg
    • 1
  • A. Hajek
    • 2
  • C. Lomer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EcologyRoyal Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL)FrederiksbergDenmark
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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