Recombinant and classically selected factors of potato plant resistance to the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, variously affect the potato aphid parasitoid Aphidius nigripes
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- Ashouri, A., Michaud, D. & Cloutier, C. BioControl (2001) 46: 401. doi:10.1023/A:1014123712776
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Different forms of crop resistance developed against majorpotato pests such as the Colorado potato beetle (CPB), Leptinotarsadecemlineata, may be variously compatible with biological controlof secondary pests such as aphids. We compared the performance of theparasitoid Aphidius nigripes developing in the aphid hostMacrosiphum euphorbiae, on five potato lines, including atransgenic `Superior-BT' line expressing the CryIIIA toxin ofBacillus thuringiensis, which is specific to Coleoptera; andthe `NYL 235-4' line derived from Solanum berthaultii,characterized by relatively unspecific resistance to herbivores based onmoderately-high density of glandular trichomes. The other lines testedwere a `Kennebec-OCI' transgenic line expressing the protease inhibitorrice cystatin I (OCI), a potential resistance factor against coleopteranpests; and the commercial cultivars `Superior' and `Kennebec' used ascontrols. Parasitoid immature survival and adult size were reducedcompared to controls when the wasps developed on aphids fed the`Superior-BT' potato. In contrast, parasitoid size and fecundityincreased above control when the wasps developed on aphids fed the`Kennebec-OCI' potato. Parasitoids reached the adult stage faster andwere more fecund on `NYL 235-4' than control lines. The results indicatethat the different forms of potato resistance currently developed mainlyagainst the CPB had various unexpected effects on aphid parasitoidfitness. These effects on the parasitoid were complex but were generallyinterpretable in terms of host aphid quality variation among potatolines used as food by the aphids during parasitoiddevelopment.