Nutrient Losses from a Paddy Field Plot in Central Korea
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The study was carried out to investigate the balance and lossesof nutrients at a paddy field plot located at the southwest ofcentral Korea from May 1, 1997 to September 30, 1999. The soilof experimental paddy field was in Jisan series (SiL; fine loamy, mixed mesic family of Fluventic Haplaguepts) and its area was 5,000 m2 (100 m × 50 m). The water balance in experimental paddy field was measured as follows.They were 3,693 mm for precipitation, 2,449 mm for irrigationwater, 3,081 mm for runoff water, 1,354 mm for evapotranspitration, and 1,683 mm for infiltration water. Theinput amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus into paddy field weremeasured as follows. They were 155–210 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 30–52 kg P2O5ha-1 yr-1 by chemical fertilizer, 30–39 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 0.4–0.7 kg P ha-1 yr-1 by precipitation, and 22–30 kg N ha-1 and 0.4–0.5 kg P ha-1 by irrigationwater, respectively. The output amounts of nitrogen andphosphorus from paddy field were measured as follows. Theywere 107–138 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 3.4–4.6 kg Pha-1 yr-1 by runoff water, and 18–20 kg N ha-1and 0.14–0.16 kg ha-1 by infiltration water. The runoffloading was the highest in June may be because of the higherconcentrations of chemical components due to applied fertilizer. When the loss ratio of nutrient was calculated based on the amounts of applied chemical fertilizer, the nitrogen and phosphorus by runoff water and infiltration werefound 57.0–65.7% and 8.8–9.4% and 9.7–12.4% and 0.3–0.5%, respectively.
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