Advertisement

Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 445–465 | Cite as

Life Satisfaction from Late Adolescence to Mid-Life The Impact of Life Success and Success Evaluation on the Life Satisfaction of Former Gymnasium Students Between Ages 30 And 43

  • Heiner MeulemannEmail author
Article

Abstract

In order to be satisfied with one's life, one has to adapt goals to opportunities; from this, two hypotheses follow: Life satisfaction should be more strongly determined by success evaluation rather than life success, and more strongly by late rather than early life success. Both hypotheses are examined in a longitudinal study of former Gymnasium students from age 16 to 43.

Dependent variables are the satisfaction with occupational and with private life at age 43. Independent variables are life success in occupational and private life between ages 16 and 43, satisfaction with occupational and private life at age 30, and strategies of coping with and attributing of success at age 43. As hypothesized, satisfaction with occupational and with private life are determined more strongly by success evaluation rather than by life success and by late rather than early life success. Furthermore, occupational satisfaction is more strongly determined by the former occupational career than private satisfaction by the private career.

adolescence life history research life satisfaction success evaluation success in occupational and private life 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Amthauer, R.: 1953, ‘Intelligenz-Struktur-Test’. 2., erweiterte Auflage. (Verlag für Psychologie, Göttingen).Google Scholar
  2. Baltes, P.B. and K.U. Mayer (eds.): 1996, Die Berliner Altersstudie (Akademie Verlag, Berlin).Google Scholar
  3. Becker, P.: 1995, ‘Seelische Gesundheit und Verhaltenskontrolle. Eine integrative Persäonlichkeitstheorie und ihre klinische Anwendung’ (Hogrefe, Göttingen).Google Scholar
  4. Birkelbach, K., J. Hellwig, W. Hemsing and H. Meulemann: 1998, ‘Lebenserfolg und Erfolgsdeutung im frühen Erwachsenenalter. Eine Wiederbefragung ehemaliger Gymnasiasten’ im 43. Lebensjahr. Teil 1: Arbeitsbericht. Teil 2: Ergebnisbericht. (Universitäat zu Käoln, Institut für angewandte Sozialwissenschaft).Google Scholar
  5. Brandtstäadter, J.: 1993, ‘Development, aging, and control: empirical and theoretical issues’, in D. Magnusson and P. Caesar (eds.), Longitudinal Research on Individual Development: Present Status and Future Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, New York), pp. 194–216.Google Scholar
  6. Brandtstäadter, J. and B. Baltes-Goetz: 1990, ‘Personal control over development and quality of life perspectives in adulthood’, in P.B. Baltes and M.M. Baltes (eds.), Successful Aging: Perspectives from the Behavioral Sciences (Cambridge University Press, New York), pp. 197–224.Google Scholar
  7. Brandtstäadter, J. and G. Renner: 1990, ‘Tenacious Goal Pursuit and Flexible Goal Adjustment’. Psychology and Aging 5, pp. 58–67.Google Scholar
  8. Brandtstäadter, J., D. Wentura and K. Rothermund: 1999, ‘Intentional Self-Development Through Adulthood and Later Life’, in J. Brandtstäadter and R.M. Lerner (eds.), Action and Self-Development Through the Life-Span (Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA).Google Scholar
  9. Diener, E.: 1994. ‘Assessing Subjective Well-Being: Progress and Opportunities’. Social Indicators Research 31, pp. 103–157.Google Scholar
  10. Emmons, R.E.: 1991, ‘Personal strivings, daily life events, and psychological and physical well-being’. Journal of Personality 59, pp. 453–472.Google Scholar
  11. Heckhausen, J. and R. Schulz: 1995. ‘A life-span theory of control’. Psychological Review 101, pp. 284–304.Google Scholar
  12. Inglehart, R.: 1990, Culture Shift (Princeton University Press, Princeton).Google Scholar
  13. Krampen, G.: 1982, Differentialpsychologie der Kontrollüberzeugungen (Hogrefe, Gäottingen).Google Scholar
  14. Meulemann, H.: 1992, ‘Career Satisfaction and Career Success during the Transition for Youth to Adulthood’, in Meeus, Wim, et al. (eds.), Adolescence, Careers, and Cultures (de Gruyter, Berlin), pp. 317–330.Google Scholar
  15. Meulemann, H.: 1993, ‘The Social and Personal Costs of Prolonged Study’, in Henk A. Becker and P.L.J. Hermkens (eds.), Solidarity of Generations (Thesis Publishers, Amsterdam), pp. 425–437.Google Scholar
  16. Meulemann, H.: 1995, Die Geschichte einer Jugend (Opladen, WestdeutscherVerlag).Google Scholar
  17. Meulemann, H., H.-J. Hummell, M. Wieken-Mayser and R. Ziegler: 1987, Lebensplanung und Lebenserfolg in privilegierten Lebensläaufen. Erster Teil: Arbeitsbericht. (Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, Universitäat zu Käoln).Google Scholar
  18. Myers, D. and E. Diener: 1995, ‘Who is happy?’ Psychological Science 6, pp. 10–19.Google Scholar
  19. Oishi, S.: 2000, ‘Goals as cornerstones of Subjective Well-being’, in E. Diener and E.M. Suh (eds.), Culture and Subjective Well-being (Bradford, MIT Press), pp. 87–112.Google Scholar
  20. Pieper, M.: 1978, Erwachsenenalter und Lebenslauf (Käosel, München).Google Scholar
  21. Schulz, R. and J. Heckhausen: 1996, ‘A life span model of successful aging’. American Psychologist 51, pp. 702–714.Google Scholar
  22. Schumacher, J., W. Laubach and E. Bräahler: 1995, ‘Wie zufrieden sind wir mit unserem Leben?’ Zeitschrift für Medizinische Psychologie 4, pp. 17–26.Google Scholar
  23. Smith, J. and P.B. Baltes: 1996, ‘Altern aus psychologischer Perspektive: Trends und Profile im hohen Alter’, in P.B. Baltes and K.U. Mayer (eds.), Die Berliner Altersstudie (Akademie Verlag, Berlin), pp. 221–250.Google Scholar
  24. Strasser,H. and R. Hodge (eds.): 1992, Status inconsistency in modern society (Ajanta Books, New Delhi).Google Scholar
  25. Treiman, D.J.: 1977, Occupational Prestige in Comparative Perspective (Academic Press, New York).Google Scholar
  26. Weary, G., M.A. Stanley and John H. Harvey: 1989, Attribution (Springer, NewYork).Google Scholar
  27. Wegener, B.: 1988, Kritik des Prestiges (Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen).Google Scholar
  28. Weick, S.: 1997, ‘Querschnitt-und Läangsschnittdaten in der Sozialberichterstattung’, in H. Noll (ed.), Sozialberichterstattung in Deutschland. (Juventa, Weinheim), pp. 294–311.Google Scholar
  29. Wittkowski, J. and M. Zobel: 1982, ‘Korrelate von Lebenszufriedenheit im mittleren Erwachsenenalter’, Zeitschrift für Gerontologie 15, pp. 259–264.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte SozialforschungUniversität zu KölnKölnGermany

Personalised recommendations