Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 34, Issue 1–3, pp 79–89

High extraction efficiency, laterally injected, light emitting diodes combining microcavities and photonic crystals

  • Maxime Rattier
  • Thomas F. Krauss
  • Jean-François Carlin
  • Ross Stanley
  • Ursula Oesterle
  • Romuald Houdré
  • Christopher J.M. Smith
  • Richard M. De La Rue
  • Henri Benisty
  • Claude Weisbuch
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1013359500596

Cite this article as:
Rattier, M., Krauss, T.F., Carlin, JF. et al. Optical and Quantum Electronics (2002) 34: 79. doi:10.1023/A:1013359500596

Abstract

The use of photonic crystals (PCs) for realistic light emitting diodes (LEDs) is discussed, given the constraints of planar semiconductor technology. A viable route for the fabrication of high-efficiency high-brightness electrically injected LEDs is presented. The starting point is a top-emitting microcavity using a single Alox Bragg mirror. The active area is surrounded by two-dimensional PCs, namely arrays of air rods etched through the top layers; injection of the electrons is achieved through the crystals. Design rules for PCs as efficient out-couplers are detailed. The building blocks are assessed experimentally, and we show that promising results are at hand.

high-efficiency light-emitting diodes photonic crystals 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxime Rattier
    • 1
  • Thomas F. Krauss
    • 2
  • Jean-François Carlin
    • 3
  • Ross Stanley
    • 3
  • Ursula Oesterle
    • 3
  • Romuald Houdré
    • 3
  • Christopher J.M. Smith
    • 4
  • Richard M. De La Rue
    • 4
  • Henri Benisty
    • 5
  • Claude Weisbuch
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique de la Matière CondenséeEcole PolytechniquePalaiseau CedexFrance
  2. 2.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of St AndrewsScotlandUnited Kingdom
  3. 3.Institut de Micro- et Opto-électroniqueEcole Polytechniqe Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Department of Electronics and Electrical EngineeringUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUnited Kingdom
  5. 5.Laboratoire de Physique de la Matière CondenséeEcole PolytechniquePalaiseau CedexFrance

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