The RRA‐ISA multiple access protocol with and without simple priority schemes for real‐time and data traffic in wireless cellular systems
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A multiple access protocol, based on a Reservation Random Access (RRA) scheme, is derived for a wireless cellular network carrying real-time and data traffic. Given a TDMA framed channel and a cellular structure, the aim of the protocol is that of maximizing the one-step throughput over an entire frame. This is achieved by deciding on the access rights at the cell base station, which then broadcasts this information at the beginning of the frame. The decision is made on the basis of binary channel feedback information (collision/no collision) over the previous frames, as well as of long term averages of packet generation rates at the mobile stations, assuming independence in the presence of packets at the latter. The resulting protocol has therefore been termed Independent Stations Algorithm (ISA), and the overall scheme RRA-ISA. As in other RRA protocols, time constrained (e.g., voice) traffic operates in a dynamic reservation mode, by contending for a slot in the frame with the first packet of a burst, and then keeping the eventually accessed slot for the duration of the burst; packets of the time constrained traffic unable to access a slot within a maximum delay are dropped from the input buffer. No such constraint is imposed on data traffic. Together with the “basic” version of the access algorithm, three other variants are presented, which exploit three simple different priority schemes in the RRA-ISA “basic” structure, in order to give a prominence to the voice service. The aim of these variants is to improve the performance in terms of the maximum number of stations acceptable in the system, by slightly increasing the data packets delay. All the proposed schemes are analyzed by simulation in the presence of voice and data traffic. Several comparisons show a relevant performance improvement (in terms of data delay and maximum number of voice stations acceptable within a cell) over other protocols that use ALOHA as a reservation mechanism (RRA-ALOHA or PRMA schemes).
KeywordsData Packet Mobile Station Time Division Multiple Access Priority Scheme Voice User
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