, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 189–199

Biotransformation kinetics of Pseudomonas putida for cometabolism of phenol and 4-chlorophenol in the presence of sodium glutamate

  • Si-Jing Wang
  • Kai-Chee Loh


A kinetic model to describe the degradation of phenol and cometabolictransformation of 4-chlorophenol (4-cp) in the presence of sodium glutamate(SG) has been developed and validated experimentally. The integrated modelaccounts for cell growth, toxicity of 4-cp, cross-inhibitions among the threesubstrates, and the different roles of the specific growth substrate (phenol)and the conventional carbon source (SG) in the cometabolism of 4-cp. In thisternary substrate system, the overall phenol degradation and 4-cp transformation rates are greatly enhanced by the addition of SG since SG is able to attenuate the toxicity of 4-cp and therefore increase the cell growth rate. Model analysis indicates that the maximum specific degradation rate of phenol (0.819 mg (mg.h)-1) is lowered by SG by up to 46% whereas the specific transformation rate of 4-cp is notdirectly affected by the presence of SG. The competitive inhibition coefficient of 4-cp to phenol degradation (Ki,cp) and that of phenol to 4-cp transformation (Ki,ph) were determined to be 6.49 mg l-1 and 0.193 mg l-1, respectively, indicatingthat phenol imposes much larger competitive inhibition to 4-cp transformation than the converse. The model developed can simultaneously predict phenol degradation and 4-cp transformation, and is useful for dealing with cometabolism involving multiple substrates.

phenol degradation 4-cp transformation modeling cometabolism ternary substrate system inhibition toxicity 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Si-Jing Wang
    • 1
  • Kai-Chee Loh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringThe National University of SingaporeSingapore

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