Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 473–500 | Cite as

Uniform Estimation of Sub-Riemannian Balls

  • Frédéric Jean


A fundamental result of sub-Riemannian geometry, the ball-box theorem, states that small sub-Riemannian balls look like boxes \([ - \varepsilon ^{\omega _1 } ,\varepsilon ^{\omega _1 } ]\) × ··· × \([ - \varepsilon ^{\omega _n } ,\varepsilon ^{\omega _n } ]\) in privileged coordinates. This description is not uniform in general. Thus, it does allow us neither to compute Hausdorff measures and dimensions nor to prove the convergence of certain motion planning algorithms.

In this paper, we present a description of the shape of small sub-Riemannian balls depending uniformly on their center and their radius. This result is a generalization of the ball-box theorem. The proof is based on the one hand on a lifting method, which replaces the sub-Riemannian manifold by an extended equiregular one (where the ball-box theorem is uniform); and on the other hand, it based on an estimate of sets defined by families of vector fields, which allows us to project the balls in suitable coordinates.

Uniform distance estimate lifting method ball-box theorem sub-Riemannian geometry 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frédéric Jean
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Mathématiques AppliquéesÉcole Nationale Supérieure de Techniques AvancéesParisFrance

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