International Journal of Stress Management

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 11–29 | Cite as

The Impact of Resource Loss and Critical Incidents on Psychological Functioning in Fire-Emergency Workers: A Pilot Study

  • Jeannine Monnier
  • Rebecca P. Cameron
  • Stevan E. Hobfoll
  • J. Robert Gribble


The relationship between critical incident exposure and resource loss, as conceptualized by Conservation of Resources (COR) theory, in predicting later psychological outcome (e.g., depressive symptoms, anger expression, and state anger) was examined in a sample of 150 fire-emergency workers from a Fire Department in a mid-sized, midwestern city. Additionally, a measure of critical incidents (Critical Incidents Inventory) was developed, and preliminary data on its validity are presented. Results from multiple regression analyses indicated that fire-emergency workers' exposure to critical incidents was directly related to their report of depressive symptoms, outward expression of anger, and state anger. Additionally, results indicated that fire-emergency workers' resource loss was strongly related to their psychological outcome. Results also suggest that resource loss may mediate the impact of critical incident stress exposure on depressive symptoms and the outward expression of anger. These results offer support to applying COR theory to populations under extreme stress.

resource loss critical incidents conservation of resources fire-emergency workers 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeannine Monnier
    • 1
  • Rebecca P. Cameron
    • 1
  • Stevan E. Hobfoll
    • 2
  • J. Robert Gribble
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Medical University of South CarolinaCharleston
  2. 2.Kent State UniversityKent
  3. 3.Division of FireCity of Cleveland

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