Sacral Defense of Secularism: The Political Theologies of Soroush, Shabestari, and Kadivar

  • Mahmoud Sadri


This paper discusses three post-revolutionary dissident political theologies in Iran. They all question the absolutist theology of the ruling clerics and utilize indigenous sources of scholarship to oppose the clerical hegemony. They have complementary emphases: whereas Soroush highlights the variable nature of religious knowledge, Shabestari and Kadivar underline its limited and multiple nature. They represent the maturing of the dialogue of the Iranian-Islamic thought with Western social and political philosophy, and as the coming of age of the indigenous Islamic political theology reclaiming its pluralistic and democratic elements. Together, they attack the totalitarian Islam, and call for a guarded and objective secularism, while preserving Islam's spiritual and cultural identity.

political theology Islam secularism religion 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud Sadri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyTexas Woman's UniversityDenton

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