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Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 743–756 | Cite as

Social Problem Solving, Mood, and Suicidality Among Inpatient Adolescents

  • Mark A. Reinecke
  • David L. DuBois
  • Theresa M. Schultz
Article

Abstract

Relationships between social problem solving, mood, and suicidality were examined in a sample of 105 adolescent psychiatric inpatients (ages 12–18). Youth were administered the Social Problem-Solving Inventory—Revised (T. D'Zurilla & A. Maydeu-Olivares, 1995) as well as standardized self-report and interview measures of dysphoria, hopelessness, anxiety, and suicidality. Results indicated that a negative problem orientation as well as an avoidant or impulsive problem-solving style were associated with less favorable scores on all of the latter measures, including greater reported suicidality. By contrast, associations were not observed between utilization of rational problem-solving skills and measures of either mood or suicidality. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that the relationships found between the former measures of social problem solving and suicidality were mediated by more direct associations of less-effective social problem solving with both dysphoria/state-depression and hopelessness.

problem solving suicide depression hopelessness adolescents 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. Reinecke
    • 1
  • David L. DuBois
    • 2
  • Theresa M. Schultz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern UniversityChicago
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MissouriColumbia
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyDominican UniversityRiver Forest

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