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Seasonal Adaptation of Metabolism and Energy in the Pechora Taiga Moose Alces alces

  • T. I. Kochan
Article
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Abstract

In chronic experiments on moose with a rumen fistula, which were performed under conditions of the Pechoro-Ilychskii National Park at different seasons, it was established that in autumn as compared to summer, at a reduction of consumption of digestible nutrients and energy (more than 2-fold), the water balance decreased twofold; in the rumen, the acetic fermentation increased, while in blood, the level of volatile fatty acids (by 117% ), whereas the concentration of blood glucose and acetone bodies decreased (by 45 and 61%, respectively). It is suggested that adaptation of metabolism and energy in moose to the onset of the cold season includes a decrease of the water balance and, as a consequence, a restriction of heat losses, inhibition of aerobic oxidation of substrates, and intensification of anaerobic pathway of the organism energy supply.

Keywords

Glucose Acetic Acetone Blood Glucose Heat Loss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. I. Kochan
    • 1
  1. 1.Komi Scientific Center, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesInstitute of PhysiologySyktyvkarRussia

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