Astrophysics and Space Science

, Volume 277, Issue 1–2, pp 169–180

Kinetic Models of Solar and Polar Winds

  • Joseph Lemaire
  • Viviane Pierrard


The study of the solar corona has been strewn with great discoveries, surprises and controversies. The major steps since van de Hulst's (1953)and Chapman's (1957) early hydrostatic models of the extended corona, until the most recent generations of kinetic models of the coronal expansion and of the supersonic solar wind flows, are presented. These models are compared to in-situ observations. Progress in polar wind models went through a somewhat similar evolution that is outlined also. The advantages and limitations of the successive brands of solar wind and polar wind models are considered.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Lemaire
    • 1
  • Viviane Pierrard
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut d'Aéronomie Spatiale de BelgiqueBrusselsBelgium

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