Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 14, Issue 7, pp 905–910 | Cite as

Determination of Plasma Protein Adsorption on Magnetic Iron Oxides: Sample Preparation

  • Kai Thode
  • Martin Lück
  • Wolfhard Semmler
  • Rainer H. Müller
  • Mayk Kresse


Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the sample preparation on the plasma protein adsorption pattern of polysaccharide-stabilized iron oxide particles by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE).

Methods. The iron oxide particles were incubated in vitro in human plasma for five minutes. Thereafter, four different methods for particle recovery, including adsorbed proteins from surplus plasma, were investigated: centrifugation, magnetic separation, gel filtration and membrane-based static microfiltration. Adsorbed proteins were desorbed from the particle surfaces by surfactants and analyzed by 2-D PAGE, as described elsewhere (1,2).

Results. All the techniques investigated were able to separate small-size iron oxides (approx. 110 nm) and adsorbed proteins from excess plasma. The gels obtained by the different separation procedures displayed almost identical adsorption patterns. Major proteins identified were: fibrinogen, IgG, albumin and an unclassified protein of about 70 kDa with a pI value of 6.5−7.5.

Conclusions. Centrifugation was regarded as the most suitable separation method due to its speed and ease of use. In contrast to gel filtration, any washing media can be used. The magnetic separation process is restricted to particles with high inducible magnetic saturation, in particular, to iron oxides with overall sizes > 50 nm.

iron oxides sample preparation 2-D PAGE plasma protein adsorption 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Thode
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martin Lück
    • 1
  • Wolfhard Semmler
    • 2
  • Rainer H. Müller
    • 2
  • Mayk Kresse
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Pharmazeutische Technologic, Biopharmazie und BiotechnologieFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institut fur Diagnostikforschung GmbH (IDF)BerlinGermany

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