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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 171–184 | Cite as

The contribution of agroforestry systems to reducing farmers' dependence on the resources of adjacent national parks: a case study from Sumatra, Indonesia

  • Murniati
  • D. P. Garrity
  • A. Ng. Gintings
Article

Abstract

There is much debate about the way conservation and development are best integrated to reduce the encroachment pressures of poor rural communities on the biodiversity resources of protected areas in the tropics. One frequently recommended instrument is to intensify farming systems in the adjacent areas, so as to decrease the need to harvest resources from national parks. This study examined this issue by analyzing the effects of different household land uses in villages near a national park on their propensity to harvest resources from the park. In the northern part of the Kerinci Seblat National Park (Sumatra Island, Indonesia) the park buffer zone is comprised largely of community or village forests and human settlements. The village forests were formerly managed as production forests and provided significant cash income to the village. They were converted into farmland, particularly to mixed-tree gardens or agroforests. Natural forest coverage has now declined to 10% of the former area within village forest land. We analyzed the characteristics of the mixed gardens and village forests, and their practical contribution to reducing farmers' dependence on the adjacent national park resources. Households with farms that were more diversified were found to have much less dependency on the national park resources. Households that farmed only wetland rice fields registered the highest value of forest products obtained from inside the park. Households that farmed only mixed gardens had an intermediate level of park resource extraction, while those that had farms composed of both components (i.e. wetland rice fields and mixed gardens) had a dramatically lower level of economic dependency on park resources than households in either of the other two categories.

buffer zones community forest conservation mixed gardens rubber 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Murniati
    • 1
  • D. P. Garrity
    • 2
  • A. Ng. Gintings
    • 3
  1. 1.Forest and Nature Conservation Research and Development CentreBogorIndonesia
  2. 2.International Centre for Research in AgroforestryBogorIndonesia
  3. 3.Forest Products and Forestry Socio Economic Research and Development CentreBogorIndonesia

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