, Volume 451, Issue 1–3, pp 247–258 | Cite as

In situ estimation of ephyrae liberated from polyps of Aurelia aurita using settling plates in Tokyo Bay, Japan

  • Tomoko Watanabe
  • Haruto Ishii


The continuous changes in the number of newly established polyps of Aurelia aurita (L.) on settling plates under natural conditions were observed from August 1998 to September 1999 in Tokyo Bay, Japan. A sharp decline in survivorship of newly settled polyps was observed within the first few days, however, survivorship of polyps settled in October increased by budding up to 399% after two months. The number of discs in each strobila varied from 1 to 6, however, most of the strobilae formed single discs. The percentage ratios of the total number of ephyrae to the initial number of polyps on settling plates were generally lower than 10%, but the highest ratio of 594.4% was estimated for the polyps settled in October. It is considered that most of the liberated ephyrae originate from the polyps settled in October in Tokyo Bay. This study suggests that the occurrence of ripe medusae with planula larvae throughout the year contributes to the success of settlement and growth of the polyp stage in Tokyo Bay.

Aurelia aurita polyp survivorship ephyra reproduction jellyfish 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Watanabe
    • 1
  • Haruto Ishii
    • 1
  1. 1.Tokyo University of FisheriesTokyoJapan

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