Plant and Soil

, Volume 235, Issue 1, pp 35–44 | Cite as

Suppression of the root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus penetrans) in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) by Streptomyces spp.

  • Deborah A. Samac
  • Linda L. Kinkel

Abstract

Strains of Streptomyces were tested for their ability to reduce population densities of the root-lesion nematode (RLN), Pratylenchus penetrans, in roots of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) in growth chamber assays. Previously, these strains were shown to suppress potato scab disease, caused by Streptomyces scabies, in field experiments and to inhibit in vitrogrowth of a wide range of plant-pathogenic fungi and bacteria. Inoculation with Streptomyces at planting significantly reduced RLN population densities in roots of both susceptible and resistant alfalfa varieties grown in either heat-treated or untreated soil. Reductions in RLN population densities were observed 6 weeks after nematode inoculation. Shoot dry matter was not affected by any treatment; root dry weight was reduced in Streptomycesplus nematode treatments compared to the nematode inoculation alone in some experiments but was not affected by Streptomyces when RLN was absent. Mutant strains not producing antibiotics in vitro also reduced RLN population densities in alfalfa roots and all strains maintained high population densities after inoculation into heat-treated soil and on alfalfa roots. These strains may be useful in multi-crop, multi-pathogen management programs to augment genetic resistance to plant diseases.

antibiosis biological control lucerne plant growth promoting bacteria rhizosphere bacteria 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah A. Samac
    • 1
    • 2
  • Linda L. Kinkel
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA-ARS-Plant Science Research UnitSt. PaulU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulU.S.A.

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