Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 19–23 | Cite as

Influence of cobalt and other microelements on the production of betalains and the growth of suspension cultures of Beta vulgaris

  • G. Trejo-Tapia
  • A. Jimenez-Aparicio
  • M. Rodriguez-Monroy
  • A. De Jesus-Sanchez
  • G. Gutierrez-Lopez


The effects of six microelements (Cu2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Mo2+, Zn2+, Co2+) on the production of betalains and the growth of suspension cultures of Beta vulgaris were studied. The increase of Co2+ from 1–5 μM resulted in a 60% increment on the production of betalains. A positive effect of this divalent ion was only accomplished when it was added at the beginning of the culture. This was related to a doubling in the specific betalains production rate compared to B5 control medium. No effects on cell growth and ratio of betacyanines to betaxanthines were observed. Mo2+, Fe2+ and Cu2+ presented a positive but less marked effect, while the increase of Mn2+ did not show effects on the production of betalains compared to B5 control medium.

divalent ions cobalt microelements pigments red beet 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Trejo-Tapia
    • 1
  • A. Jimenez-Aparicio
    • 1
  • M. Rodriguez-Monroy
    • 1
  • A. De Jesus-Sanchez
    • 1
  • G. Gutierrez-Lopez
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Desarrollo de Productos Bioticos–-IPNYautepecMexico
  2. 2.Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas –- IPN, Carpio y Plan de Ayala s/n, MexicoDFMexico

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