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Journal of Bioeconomics

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 117–132 | Cite as

Selective versus Random Moose Harvesting: Does it Pay to be a Prudent Predator?

  • Göran Ericsson
  • Mattias Boman
  • Leif Mattsson
Article

Abstract

Seeking to act as prudent predators in many biological systems, humans try to harvest in a sustainable manner. In Sweden, wildlife managers and moose hunters use information about the future contribution of individual moose to population growth (i.e., their reproductive value), in order to harvest low-and non-reproductive animals. This selective harvest strategy results in a significantly faster overall population growth rate. To investigate whether this selective harvest policy is economically beneficial, we calculated the present value of the selective moose hunting policy used in Sweden compared to the present value of a non-regulated (i.e. random) moose harvest. Present values of the moose hunting produced by the different hunting regimes were calculated for a period of ten years and at interest rates ranging between 1% and 10%. The difference in present value between the selective hunting policy and the average outcome of random harvesting was SEK 310 million ($ 36 million) and SEK 300 million ($ 34 million), or SEK 1 321 ($ 154) and SEK 1 279 ($ 149) for an average moose hunter, when using interest rates of 3% and 4%, respectively. To determine whether the current selective moose hunting policy is economically profitable or not, benefit estimates like these should be weighted against the costs of upholding the policy. Most of the costs probably lie in providing the hunters with information about the future harvesting prospects and reducing the risk of divergences from the policy. The welfare effects of a hunting policy will also be dependent on the individual hunter's preferences, for instance in terms of their attitudes towards risk.

bioeconomics moose management policy predation selective hunting 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Göran Ericsson
    • 1
  • Mattias Boman
    • 2
  • Leif Mattsson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Animal EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Department of Forest EconomicsSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUmeåSweden
  3. 3.Department of Forest EconomicsSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUmeåSweden

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