Three-Dimensional Calculations of the Flow Field around a Turbine Blade with Film Cooling Injection near the Leading Edge
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Injection of coolant air from a showerhead injection system at the leading edge of a high pressure turbine blade is investigated using a fully implicit three-dimensional finite-volume method on multi-block grids. For various blowing rates, the calculation results for the velocity and pressure fields and turbulence intensity are compared with available experimental data. The present method yields excellent agreement with the experiments for the isentropic Mach number distributions on the blade surface. The standardk–ε turbulence model with wall functions is already capable of capturing the major details of the flow field including the injection-induced secondary-flow vortices, particularly so on the suction side. On the pressure side, however, the lateral jet spreading is under-predicted somewhat together with an exaggeration of the near-wall sink-flow vortices. On this side with convex walls, where turbulence anisotropy is appreciable according to the experiments, overall better predictions were obtained with the anisotropy correction of Bergeles et al.  promoting the Reynolds stress in the lateral direction. The correction has no beneficial effect on the suction side with concave walls where the turbulence anisotropy was observed to be much smaller.
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