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Journal of Mammalian Evolution

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 73–89 | Cite as

Molecular Relationships Among Octodontidae (Mammalia: Rodentia: Caviomorpha)

  • Milton H. Gallardo
  • John A. W. Kirsch
Article

Abstract

We examined ten species of octodontid rodents and representatives of three outgroups in a complete 13 × 13 DNA-hybridization matrix. The results were indexed as differences in median melting-point depressions (ΔT,ms), symmetrized, subjected to phylogenetic analysis using FITCH, bootstrapped, and exhaustively taxon-jackknifed. Within Octodontidae, four clades were recovered with 100% bootstrap and complete jackknife support: Tympanoctomys barrerae with Octomys mimax, Octodontomys gliroides alone, Octodon spp., and Aconaemys spp. with Spalacopus cyanus; the latter two clades were closer to each other than either was to Octodontomys or Octomys-Tympanoctomys, but were slightly nearer to and united with Octodontomys, with 89% bootstrap support. However, relationships among the three Aconaemys species and Spalacopus were not completely resolved by our experiments. Ctenomys coyhaiquensis, Abrocoma bennetti, and Lagostomus maximus represented successive outgroups to Octodontidae, while one-way comparisons with Cavia porcellus and Microcavia australis suggested that these caviids are almost as distant from octodontoids as is the chinchilloid Lagostomus. When the data were suitably corrected for percentage hybridization and saturation, division of the distances by the rate previously determined for most amniotes (∼0.48%/myr) suggested that the basal divergence among the caviomorph rodents examined occurred about 59 myrbp, and that Octodontidae originated 40 myrbp and diversified into extant lineages beginning 14 myr ago. Calibration against the date of the earliest known caviomorph (late Eocene or about 37.5 myrbp) gave a rate of 0.75%/myr, which would suggest later dates for subsequent caviomorph cladogenesis. It is notable that, based respectively on the slower or faster rates, the tetraploid Tympanoctomys barrerae must have diverged from its sister-taxon Octomys mimax ∼10 or 6.5 myr ago.

Hystricognath rodents molecular clock molecular evolution polyploidy 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milton H. Gallardo
    • 1
  • John A. W. Kirsch
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Ecología y EvoluciónUniversidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  2. 2.University of Wisconsin Zoological MuseumMadison

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