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Self-Propagating Reactions in the Ti–Si System: A SHS-MASHS Comparative Study

  • U. Anselmi-Tamburini
  • F. Maglia
  • G. Spinolo
  • S. Doppiu
  • M. Monagheddu
  • G. Cocco
Article

Abstract

In this work, we report on the self-propagating reaction in Ti–Si blends, observed by SHS and MASHS (mechanical activated SHS) techniques. In spite of the differences between the two reacting methods, correlations were found between the key parameters of the two modes of activation. Moreover, this comparative study enabled us to gain some hints on the reaction mechanism. The combustive behavior of powder mixtures with stoichiometries corresponding to the intermetallics present in the Ti–Si phase diagram (TiSi2, TiSi, Ti5Si4, and Ti5Si3) was studied. The SHS characteristics, such as combustion temperature, propagation rate, and ignition temperature was strongly dependent on both the initial stoichiometry and milling time. Particular attention was paid to the influence of the initial stoichiometry and milling conditions on the reaction mechanism. A single-step dissolution-precipitation mechanism was found for the composition Ti : Si = 5 : 3. On the other hand, at the composition Ti : Si = 1 : 2, the mechanism shows two steps, the first, active at the leading front of the combustion front, involving only solid phases, and the second, active in the afterburn region, involving solid–liquid interaction.

Mechanically activated SHS Ti–Si mechanochemistry mechanical alloying silicides 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Anselmi-Tamburini
    • 1
  • F. Maglia
    • 2
  • G. Spinolo
    • 2
  • S. Doppiu
    • 3
  • M. Monagheddu
    • 3
  • G. Cocco
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry and C.S.T.E./CNRUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Physical Chemistry and C.S.T.E./CNRUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  3. 3.Department of ChemistrySassariItaly

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