Journal of Computational Neuroscience

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 5–18 | Cite as

Bistability Dynamics in Simulations of Neural Activity in High-Extracellular-Potassium Conditions

  • Philip J. Hahn
  • Dominique M. Durand
Article

Abstract

Modulation of extracellular potassium concentration ([K]o) has a profound impact on the excitability of neurons and neuronal networks. In the CA3 region of the rat hippocampus synchronized epileptiform bursts occur in conditions of increased [K]o. The dynamic nature of spontaneous neuronal firing in high [K]o is therefore of interest. One particular interest is the potential presence of bistable behaviors such as the coexistence of stable repetitive firing and fixed rest potential states generated in individual cells by the elevation of [K]o. The dynamics of repetitive activity generated by increased [K]o is investigated in a 19-compartment hippocampal pyramidal cell (HPC) model and a related two-compartment reduced HPC model. Results are compared with those for the Hodgkin-Huxley equations in similar conditions. For neural models, [K]o changes are simulated as a shift in the potassium reversal potential (E K ). Using phase resetting and bifurcation analysis techniques, all three models are shown to have specific regions of E K that result in bistability. For activity in bistable parameter regions, stimulus parameters are identified that switch high-potassium model behavior from repetitive firing to a quiescent state. Bistability in the HPC models is limited to a very small parameter region. Consequently, our results suggest that it is likely some HPCs in networks exposed to high [K]o continue to burst such that a stable, quiescent network state does not exist. In [K]o ranges where HPCs are not bistable, the population may still exhibit bistable behaviors where synchronous population events are reversibly annihilated by phase resetting pulses, suggesting the existence of a nonsynchronous network attractor.

hippocampus epilepsy CA3 region phase resetting modeling 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip J. Hahn
    • 1
  • Dominique M. Durand
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Neuroscience, Neural Engineering CenterCase Western Reserve UniversityCleveland
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Engineering
  3. 3.Case Western Reserve UniversityCleveland

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