Advertisement

Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 231–238 | Cite as

Are Coffee, Tea, and Total Fluid Consumption associated with Bladder Cancer Risk? Results from the Netherlands Cohort Study

  • Maurice P.A. Zeegers
  • Elisabeth Dorant
  • R. Alexandra Goldbohm
  • Piet A. van den Brandt
Article

Abstract

Objectives: Coffee, tea, and fluid consumption have been thought to influence bladder cancer incidence. In a large prospective study, these associations were investigated. Methods: In 1986, cohort members (55–69 years) completed a questionnaire on cancer risk factors. Follow-up was established by linkage to cancer registries until 1992. The multivariable case–cohort analysis was based on 569 bladder cancer cases and 3123 subcohort members. Results: The incidence rate ratios (RR) for men consuming <2 cups of coffee/day was 0.89 (95% CI 0.51–1.5) using the median consumption category (4–<5 cups/day) as reference. This RR increased to 1.3 (95% CI 0.94–1.9) for men consuming ≥7 cups/day, although no clear dose–response association was found. The RRs decreased from 1.2 (95% CI 0.56–2.7) for women consuming <2 cups of coffee/day to 0.36 (95% CI 0.18–0.72) for women consuming ≥5 cups/day compared to the median consumption category (3–<4 cups/day). Men and women who abstained from drinking tea had a RR of 1.3 (95% CI 0.97–1.8) compared to those consuming 2–<3 cups of tea per day (median consumption category). The RR for men and women comparing highest to lowest quintile of total fluid consumption was 0.87 (95% CI 0.63–1.2). Conclusion: The data suggest a possible positive association between coffee consumption and bladder cancer risk in men and a probable inverse association in women. Tea consumption was inversely associated with bladder cancer. Total fluid consumption did not appear to be associated with bladder cancer.

bladder neoplasms coffee drinking behavior epidemiology tea urologic neoplasms 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research (1997) Bladder. Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: a global perspective. Menasha: Banta Book Group, pp. 338-361.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    van der Meijden APM (1998) Bladder cancer. BMJ 317: 1366-1369.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Viscoli CM, Lachs MS, Horwitz RI (1993) Bladder cancer and coffee drinking: a summary of case-control research. Lancet 341: 1432-1437.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zeegers MPA, Tan FES, Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt PA (2001) Are cOffee and tea consumption associated with urinary tract cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Epidemiol: (in press).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Michaud DS, Spiegelman D, Clinton SK, et al. (1999) Fluid intake and the risk of bladder cancer in men. N Engl J Med 340: 1390-1397.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barlow WE, Ichikawa L, Rosner D, Izumi S (1999) Analysis of case-cohort designs. J Clin Epidemiol 52: 1165-1172.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    van den Brandt PA, Goldbohm RA, van het Veer P, Hermus RJJ, Sturmans F (1990) A large-scale prospective cohort study on diet and cancer in the Netherlands. J Clin Epidemiol 43: 285-295.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    van den Brandt PA, Schouten LJ, Goldbohm RA, Dorant E, Hunen PHM (1990) Development of a record linkage protocol for use in the Dutch cancer registry for epidemiological research. Int J Epidemiol 19: 553-558.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt PA, Dorant E (1994) Estimation of the coverage of Dutch municipalities by cancer registries and PALGA based on hospital discharge data. Tijdschr Soc Gezond 72: 80-84.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt PA, Brants HA, et al. (1994) Validation of a dietary questionnaire used in large-scale prospec-tive cohort study on diet and cancer. Eur J Clin Nutr 48: 253-265.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    NEVO-table (1986) Dutch food composition table 1986-1987. The Hague, Netherlands: Voorlichtingsbureau voor de Voeding.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zeegers MPA, Tan FES, Dorant ED, van den Brandt PA (2000) The impact of characteristics of cigarette smoking on urinary tract cancer risk: a meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies. Cancer 89: 630-639.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Volovics A, van den Brandt PA (1997) Methods for the analyses of case-cohort studies. Biomed J 2: 195-214.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barlow WE (1994) Robust variance estimation for the case±cohort design. Biometrics 50: 1064-1072.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    van den Brandt PA, van het Veer P, Goldbohm RA (1993) A prospective cohort study on dietary fat and the risk of post-menopausal breast cancer. Cancer Res 53: 75-82.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Aarnink EJM, Kistemaker C (1989) Het gebruik van koffe en thee, uitgedrukt in penetratie en volume, voor verschillende groepen uit de Nederlandse bevolking: Voedselconsumptiepeiling 1987-1988. Zeist: TNO-Voeding.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Grundemann RWM (1990) Het gebruik van alcohol, tabak en koffe onder de werkende bevolking in Nederland. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mills PK, Beeson WL, Phillips RL, Fraser GE (1991) Bladder cancer in a low risk population: results from the Adventist Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 133: 230-239.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chyou PH, Nomura AM, Stemmermann GN (1993) A prospective study of diet, smoking, and lower urinary tract cancer. Ann Epidemiol 3: 211-216.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yang CS, Wang ZY (1993) Tea and cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 85: 1038-1049.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Goldbohm RA, Hertog MG, Brants HA, van Poppel G, van den Brandt PA (1996) Consumption of black tea and cancer risk: a prospective cohort study. J Natl Cancer Inst 88: 93-100.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dreosti IE, Wargovich MJ, Yang CS (1997) Inhibition of carcinogenesis by tea: the evidence from experimental studies. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 37: 761-770.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Katiyar SK, Mukhtar H (1996) Tea consumption and cancer. World Rev Nutr Diet 79: 154-184.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Heilbrun LK, Nomura A, Stemmermann GN (1986) Black tea consumption and cancer risk: a prospective study. Br J Cancer 54: 677-683.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Charatan F (1999) Fluid intake affects the risk of bladder cancer in men. BMJ 318: 1372.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jones PA, Ross RK (1999) Prevention of bladder cancer. N Engl J Med 340: 1424-1426.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bianchi GD, Cerhan JR, Parker AS, et al. (2000) Tea consumption and risk of bladder and kidney cancers in a population-based case-control study. Am J Epidemiol 151: 377-383.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Slattery ML, West DW, Robison LM (1988) Fluid intake and bladder cancer in Utah. Int J Cancer 42: 17-22.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jensen OM, Wahrendorf J, Knudsen JB, Sorensen BL (1986) The Copenhagen case-control study of bladder cancer. II. Effect of coffee and other beverages. Int J Cancer 37: 651-657.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kunze E, Chang Claude J, Frentzel Beyme R (1992) Life style and occupational risk factors for bladder cancer in Germany. A case-control study. Cancer 69: 1776-1790.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Claude J, Kunze E, Frentzel Beyme R, Paczkowski K, Schneider J, Schubert H (1986) Life-style and occupational risk factors in cancer of the lower urinary tract. Am J Epidemiol 124: 578-589.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Vena JE, Graham S, Freudenheim J, et al. (1993) Drinking water, fluid intake and bladder cancer in western New York. Arch Environ Health 48: 191-198.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cantor KP, Hoover R, Hartge P, et al. (1987) Bladder cancer, drinking water source, and tap water consumption: a case-control study. J Natl Cancer Inst 79: 1269-1279.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Risch HA, Burch JD, Miller AB, Hill GB, Steele R, Howe GR (1988) Dietary factors and the incidence of cancer of the urinary bladder. Am J Epidemiol 127: 1179-1191.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Dunham LJ, Rabson AS, Steward HS, Frank A, Young JL (1968) Rates, interview, and pathology study of cancer of the urinary bladder in New Orleans, Louisiana. J Natl Cancer Inst 41: 683-709.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wilkens LR, Kadir MM, Kolonel LN, Nomura AM, Hankin JH (1996) Risk factors for lower urinary tract cancer: the role of total fluid consumption, nitrites and nitrosamines, and selected foods. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 5: 161-166.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice P.A. Zeegers
    • 1
  • Elisabeth Dorant
    • 1
  • R. Alexandra Goldbohm
    • 2
  • Piet A. van den Brandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Nutritional EpidemiologyTNO Nutrition and Food ResearchZeistThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations